Fluid

Ahsan Munir | February 26, 2014

DNA is a complex molecule that contains instructions for life and often referred to as a “digital fingerprint” or code telling a cell what to do. DNA is often the only means for accurate testing and identification of biomolecules, cells, or even an entire person during forensic investigations. The need to be able to test for DNA, as quickly as possible, and even at the site where the sample is taken, is becoming more and more important.

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Andrew Griesmer | February 25, 2014

A circulating fluidized bed (CFB) is used to create a homogeneous mixture of gas (usually air) and solid particles to increase the efficiency of the combustion process in boilers. A better understanding of this process will help engineers to optimize their design parameters based on their individual needs. The Circulating Fluidized Bed model in COMSOL does just this, simulating a CFB with a given set of parameters that are easily interchangeable, depending on the needs of the user.

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Alexandra Foley | January 27, 2014

There are, in general, two different types of ventilation systems: mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation. Displacement ventilation is used in large spaces with tall ceilings (at least three meters high), and therefore is mainly found in office buildings, schools, and other public spaces. These higher ceilings allow for upward convective flows exhausting air contaminants, thus resulting in improved air quality. This post explores the simulation of a displacement ventilation system to determine the air temperature and velocity within a room.

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Mark Fowler | January 24, 2014

Mixers with rotating components are essential in many industrial applications, including food production, manufacturing chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and other consumer products. While the industrial processes of mixers differ, product requirements like quality, reproducibility, and uniformity must remain constant. Using the Mixer Module is one way you can make sure these product requirements are met. In our upcoming webinar, you’ll learn how the fluid flow interfaces available in the Mixer Module allow you to streamline the design of mixers and their mechanisms.

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Jennifer Segui | January 9, 2014

Spectroscopic imaging has been used for decades to map the chemical composition of material surfaces with atomic-scale resolution. In order to achieve adequate chemical specificity and spatial resolution during imaging, both the material sample and the imaging system are placed under high or ultra-high vacuum (UHV). In practice, materials are often used outside of vacuum environments and therefore it is also necessary to evaluate their surface properties at higher or ambient pressure. Differential pumping is the key to designing vacuum […]

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Fanny Littmarck | January 3, 2014

Before conducting certain blood sample analyses, researchers need to separate the red blood cell particles from the blood plasma. Using lab-on-a-chip (LOC) technology, red blood cell separation can be achieved via magnetophoresis, i.e. motion induced by magnetic fields. Since the magnetic permeability of the particles is different from the blood plasma, their trajectory can be controlled within the flow channel of the LOC device and thereby separated out from the fluid.

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Alexandra Foley | December 19, 2013

A while back, I had the opportunity to speak with Steven Conrad, a critical care physician at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Health Science Center in New Orleans. Not only is Dr. Conrad a physician as well as a professor at LSU, he’s also a biomedical engineer who uses finite element analysis (FEA) to conduct research on the design of dialyzers. Dr. Conrad uses COMSOL Multiphysics to gain a deeper understanding of the physics behind these devices, and to create […]

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David Kan | December 18, 2013

A prospective user of COMSOL approached me about modeling viscous fingering, which is an effect seen in porous media flow. He hadn’t found a satisfying solution elsewhere, so he turned to COMSOL. I’d like to share with you some of my insight on how to go from idea to model to simulation by taking a “do-it-yourself approach” and utilizing the equation-based modeling capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics.

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Phil Kinnane | December 6, 2013

The Mixer Module provides ready-made interfaces for describing the difficult problem of laminar and turbulent flows in rotating machinery with free liquid surfaces. COMSOL has been developing different techniques for modeling CFD, moving geometries, and free surfaces during the past few years for a number of different applications. This has now culminated in the new Mixer Module that was released with version 4.4, and it clearly showcases the improved CFD capabilities of COMSOL.

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Andrew Griesmer | November 13, 2013

The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90) is the industry calibration standard for measuring temperatures throughout the world. The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) works to establish and maintain the ITS-90 through experiments, most notably, thermometer calibration. To better understand and overcome the shortcomings of the experimental process, Jonathan Pearce, at the UK’s National Physics Laboratory, turned to simulation. His results yielded fascinating results about the microscopic behavior of the liquid-solid interface during the freezing process.

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Alexandra Foley | November 7, 2013

Until recently, simulation had not been widely used by vacuum system designers because of an absence of commercial simulation tools. Last October, my colleague James Ransley held a webinar about how to model vacuum systems using COMSOL Multiphysics. The webinar was a great success, and it inspired us to produce a dedicated product for modeling vacuum applications: the Molecular Flow Module (new with version 4.3b). This year, on November 21st, James will be giving a webinar explaining the new features […]

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