Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Boiling Water

Boiling flow is an example of phase transition initiated by raising the temperature of a liquid above its saturation temperature. It is possible to accomplish this in many ways; in this example by applying an external heat flux to a solid surface in contact with the liquid. There are three distinct regimes that characterize boiling induced by a heated surface: nucleate, transition, and film. ...

Modeling of a 3D Inductor

Inductors are used in many applications for low pass filtering or for impedance matching of predominantly capacitive loads. They are used in a wide frequency range from near static up to several MHz. An inductor usually has a magnetic core to increase the inductance, while keeping its size small. The magnetic core also reduces the electromagnetic interference with other devices as the magnetic ...

Equation-Based Modeling in COMSOL Multiphysics

Partial differential equations (PDEs) constitute the mathematical foundation for describing the laws of nature. This presentation provides an introduction to customizing your simulations by developing models directly with PDEs. Learn how to add ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and algebraic equations to your model. Equation-based modeling is a powerful method eliminating the need for ...

Computing Capacitance

A capacitor, in its simplest form, is a two terminal electrical device that stores electric energy when a voltage difference is applied across the terminals. The stored electric energy is proportional to the applied voltage squared and is quantified by the capacitance of the device. This model introduces a model of a simple capacitor, the electric field and device capacitance are solved for under ...

Flow in a Pipe Elbow

Water flow in a 90 degree pipe elbow. The flow is simulated using the k-omega turbulence model. The result is compared to engineering correlations.

Absorptive Muffler

The sound level from a car depends to a great extent of the quality of the muffler. Over the years, researchers in the car industry have struggled to produce mufflers that are efficient from both an acoustic and an environmental perspective. This model describes the pressure wave propagation in a muffler for an internal combustion engine. The model also shows how to analyze both inductive ...

NOx Reduction in a Monolithic Reactor

This suite of examples illustrate the modeling of selective NO reduction, that occurs as flue gases pass through the channels of a monolithic reactor in the exhaust system of a motored vehicle. The simulations are aimed at finding the optimal dosing of NH3, the reactant that serves as reducing agent in the process. Three different analyses are performed: Kinetic analysis: The example takes a ...

Mach-Zehnder Modulator

A Mach-Zehnder modulator is used for controlling the amplitude of an optical wave. The input waveguide is split up into two waveguide interferometer arms. If a voltage is applied across one of the arms, a phase shift is induced for the wave passing through that arm. When the two arms are recombined, the phase difference between the two waves is converted to an amplitude modulation. This is a ...

Free Convection in a Water Glass

This model treats the free convection and heat transfer of a glass of cold water heated to room temperature. Initially, the glass and the water are at 5 °C and are then put on a table in a room at 25 °C. The nonisothermal flow is coupled to heat transfer using the Heat Transfer module.

Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger

Shell-and-tube heat exchangers are commonly used in oil refineries and other large chemical processes. In this model, two separated fluids at different temperatures flow through the heat exchanger, one through the tubes (tube side) and the other through the shell around the tubes (shell side). Several design parameters and operating conditions influence the optimal performance of a shell and tube ...

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