Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Effect of Bed Diffusion and Operating Parameters on Char Combustion in the Context of Underground Coal Gasification

S. Mahajani, and G. Samdani
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Mumbai, India

Char combustion is one of the most important reactions in the process of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG). Experiments are performed in a boat reactor under near isothermal condition to demonstrate effects of heat and mass transfer and bed diffusion through ash layer. To obtain a complete overview of boat experiments and to further get insights, CFD analysis of boat reactor is performed using ...

Design and Analysis of 3D Capacitive Accelerometer for Automotive Applications

G. Vijila, S. Vijayakumar, M. Alagappan, and A. Gupta
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

This paper projects a novel 3D capacitive accelerometer design to identify a severe accident and initiate airbag deployment systems. It will detect the rapid negative acceleration of the vehicle to avoid the severity of the collision. Such a device demands excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, noise immunity, linearity, bias and scale factor stability over time and environmental changes. ...

Electrowetting-On-Dielectric Induced Droplet Actuation in M x N Array of Electrode

S. Sohail[1], D. Das[1], S. Das[2], and K. Biswas[1]
[1]Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Kharagpur
[2]School of Medical Science and Technology, IIT Kharagpur

Digital microfluidic system based on EWOD (electrowetting-on-dielectric) technology can perform different fluidic operations on the same electrode array by simply modifying control software. One of the major challenges in EWOD device is to address each electrode individually in M x N array of electrode using simple fabrication architecture without compromising in system performance. The ...

Multiscale Damage Detection in Conductive Composites

R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India

Conductive Composites such as carbon fiber reinforced composites are increasingly used in safety critical aerospace applications. The catastrophic macro structural failure of composite structures initiates from a micro level failure event such as fiber breaks. The ability to detect damage early on can improve the safety level and reliability of composite structures. A multilevel self-sensing ...

Modeling and Simulation of MEMS Based 3D Vibrating Gyroscope for Mobile Robotics Applications

M. Ramya, R. P. S. Valli, R. Vidya, G. Anju, and M. Alagappan
PSG College of Technology
Tamil Nadu, India

In this study, a biomimetic vibrating 3D MEMS Gyroscope is designed, consisting of two circular diaphragms with a club shaped structure placed over one of them. This MEMS based vibrating gyroscope was modeled and simulated using COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 - MEMS module. The purpose of the research was to develop an effective gyroscope for guidance and control of mobile robots. The simulated ...

3-D Design, Electro-Thermal Simulation and Geometrical Optimization of Spiral Platinum Micro-Heaters for Low Power Gas Sensing Applications Using COMSOL 4.1

V. Bansal, D. Kumar, B. Prasad, and A. Gujjar
Electronic Science Department

In this paper a thermal electric finite element method (FEM) analysis was used to investigate the thermal properties of individual electrically driven platinum micro-heaters. The geometric optimization for the micro-heater was performed by simulating a wide range of possible geometries using COMSOL 4.1. The simulated results of micro-heaters having an improved temperature distribution over the ...

Finite Element Modeling of Freezing of Coffee Solution

C. Anandharamakrishnan, R. Gopirajah, and N. Chhanwal
Central Food Technological Research Institute
Karnataka, India

Freeze-drying is a popular method of producing shelf stable particulate products and is of particular value for drying thermally sensitive materials (volatiles and biological based), which can be heat damaged by higher temperature methods, such as spray-drying. Porous structures are formed by the creation of ice crystals during the freezing stage, which subsequently sublime during the drying ...

A Wide Range MEMS Vacuum Gauge Based on Knudsen’s Forces

V. Sista, and E. Bhattarchaya
Microelectronics and MEMS Lab
Department of Electrical Engineering
Indian Institute of technology Madras
Chennai, India

A MEMS based Knudsen’s pressure gauge working in the range of 1e-5 mbar to 10 mbar is designed and simulated in COMSOL. The working principle is based on Knudsen’s forces that arise when two plates are held at different temperatures and their separation is comparable to the mean free path of the ambient gas molecules. The forces change the separation between the plates and capacitance between ...

MEMS Resonator for RF Applications

V. Harshey
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology
Maharashtra, India

Vibrating mechanical tank components, such as quartz crystals and surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonators with Q’s in the range of 10e3–10e6, are widely used to implement high-Q oscillators and band pass filters in the radio frequency (RF) and intermediate frequency (IF) stages of communication transceivers. This paper will discuss designing of resonator and effects of various parameter on the ...

Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Acoustic Metamaterial with Negative Bulk-Modulus

N. R. Mahesh, and P. Nair
SSN College of Engineering
Tamil Nadu, India

Acoustic metamaterials are structured materials of negative mass density or negative bulk-modulus or both of them. Materials are tailored in sub-wavelength dimensions so as to get these negative properties. This paper compares the result of an experimental investigation of acoustic metamaterial with negative bulk-modulus to its COMSOL modeling. The resonance characteristics of single ...

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