Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Volatile Organic Compounds Catalytic Elimination

M. Olea[1], S. Odiba[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]School of Science and Engineering, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that will evaporate easily into the air at room temperature and contribute majorly to the formation of photochemical ozone. They are emitted as gases from certain solids and liquids in to the atmosphere and affect indoor and outdoor air quality. They includes acetone, benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride, ...

Exergy Analysis of a Water Heat Storage Tank

F. Dammel[1], J. Winterling[1], K. J. Langeheinecke[2], P. Stephan[3]
[1]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
[2]IAV, Gifhorn, Germany
[3]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics/Center of Smart Interfaces, Technische Universität, Darmstadt, Germany

A combined heat and power (CHP) plant generates both electricity and useful heat. A heat storage tank enables a decoupling of electricity and heat delivery. In this study a cylindrical hot water storage tank is considered. Charging, holding time and discharging are numerically simulated applying COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2. The performance of the heat storage is evaluated by an exergy analysis. ...

Coupled Hydrochemical Modeling for the Optimal Design of an In-situ Redox Experiment

P. Trinchero[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], A. Nardi[1], L.M. De Vries[1], T. Karvonen[2], P. Pitkänen[3]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
[2]WaterHope, Helsinki, Finland
[3]Posiva, Eurajoki, Finland

In this work, we present a number of scoping calculations that have been carried out to design an in-situ redox experiment (Figure 1) focused on assessing potential changes in the pH and redox conditions and in the buffering capacity of the Olkiluoto bedrock (i.e. the site for the Finnish spent fuel repository). A characteristic of these models lies in the need to integrate prior information, ...

Validation of Space Charge Laminar Flow in Diodes

M. Cavenago[1]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy

The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...

Flare System Pressure Drop Calculations Using COMSOL

K. Alhazza[1], B. Albusairi[1], H. Kamal[1], H.M.S. Lababiedi[1], A.A. Abbas[2]
[1]Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
[2]Petrochemical Industries Company, Kuwait City, Kuwait

COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to validate and check the design of a header transporting ammonia gases released from pressure safety valves (PSVs) to the tip of the flare. The header is part of a dedicated flaring system to contain emissions from ammonia storage tanks. The two main challenges are the low relief pressure and high capacity of the system. Another difficulty is the high relief ...

Thermal and Fluid Dynamics Studies Applied to Steel Industry

G. Tracanelli[1], M. Culos[1]
[1]Studio di Ingegneria Industriale Tracanelli, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy

The energy pay back is one of the most interesting field especially in the steel industry where this contribution is strictly connected to steams and emissions inside and outside the plant. Perhaps, this application is sometimes disturbed by a strong variation of emissions (\"off gas\"). One example is the arc furnace where the process is very discontinuous and there are many fluctuations in the ...

An Innovative Solution for Water Bottling Using PET

D. Scardigno[1], A. Castellano[1], P. Foti[1], A. Fraddosio[1], S. Marzano[1], M.D. Piccioni[1]
[1]DICAR, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy

Introduction: We study an innovative technology for water bottling using PET, aimed at reducing the thickness of the plastic bottles. The goals are the reduction of the amount of plastic used for a single water bottle, the reduction of the packaging costs and more environmental sustainability. The required thickness of the bottle depends on its structural function: when carried, the bottles are ...

A Mathematical Tool for Studying Drug Delivery to the Eye in Case of Glaucoma

P. Silva[1], J.A. Ferreira[2], P. de Oliveira[2]
[1]Coimbra Institute of Engineering, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal
[2]Department of Mathematics University of Coimbra, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal

The aim of the poster is to present a coupled 2D mathematical model to predict the evolution of drug concentration - in the cornea and in the anterior chamber of the eye - when therapeutic lenses are used (Figure 1). The mathematical model takes into account (i) diffusion processes in several compartments of the eye (therapeutic lens, cornea and anterior chamber); (ii) metabolic consuming ...

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