R. E. White, and Long Cai
R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...
Ziegler, C., Tranitz, M., Schumacher, J.O.
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany
A mathematical model of planar self-breathing fuel cells is developed and validated. The geometry of the model is a two-dimensional symmetric element of a planar self-breathing fuel cell. The multicomponent transport of the species is considered as well as the couplings between the transport processes of heat, charge, and mass, and the electrochemical reactions. The cell model is validated ...
V.V. Narvekar, Q. Fan, and S. Warner
Dept. of Materials and Textiles, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
A computational model is used to describe the current density distribution and the water management in the Nafion® 117 and Nafion®1115/PP composite membranes. The effects of the change in the membrane water content and the back-diffused water on distribution of proton concentration is discussed.
G.H. Miley, and E.D. Byrd
 Department of NPRE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
 Department of ECE, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
A model has been designed and constructed for the all-liquid, sodium borohydride/hydrogen peroxide fuel cell. The electrochemical behavior, momentum balance, and mass balance effects within the fuel cell are modeled using the Butler-Volmer equations, Darcy’s law, and Fick’s law, respectively within COMSOL Mutiphysics. The simulations performed with the model indicate that an optimal ...
S.P. Katukota, J. Chen, and R.F. Boehm
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolysis is potentially a sustainable and cost-effective technology for generating hydrogen. The present work is aimed to develop a numerical model for the PEM electrolyzer cell.
I.S. Laitinen, and J.T. Tanttu
Tampere University of Technology, Finland
In this paper, shell elements are used to reduce the complexity of a geometry in the modeling of an industrial scale copper electrolysis cell. The proposed model is described by multipysical since it takes into account interaction between electrical conduction and temperature. The model accuracy is estimated by comparing the simulation results to actual measurements.
University of Utah
In this presentation we outline the analysis methods applicable to the electrochemical driven transport in nanopores and membranes. This is a modern and ever growing research area with many different applications, some examples are: • iontophoretic drug delivery across skin, • protein ion channel based sensors, • resistive pulse counting of nanoparticles, • 3-D microbattery ...
Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions
N. Murer, N. Missert, and R. Bucchheit
Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...
A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...
Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...