Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Actively Controlled Ionic Current Gating In Nanopores

G. Zhang[1], S. Bearden[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...

Modeling Deep-Bed Grain Drying Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J.G. Pieters[1], R. ElGamal[1], F. Ronsse[1]
[1]Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Biosystems Engineering, Ghent, Belgium

CFD simulations were carried out to predict the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients in the rice bed, and correlations were developed for the convective heat and mass transfer coefficients as a function of drying air flow rate. The developed correlations were used to extend the model developed by ElGamal et al. (2013) for thin-layer rice drying to volumetric heat and mass transfer in a ...

Determination of Mechanic Resistance of Osseous Element Through Finite Element Modeling

E. Isaza[1], E. Salazar[1], L. Florez[1]
[1]Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia

The consequences of hip fracture and femoral fracture are widely known. The mechanical strength of the femur varies in every person, but it is possible to predict the mechanical resistance with parameters like density, dimensions and mineral content. This paper uses different models and empirical studies to determine the mechanical properties of the human femur, developing isotropic and ...

Modeling Drug Release from Materials Based on Electrospun Nanofibers

P. Nakielski[1], T. Kowalczyk[1], T.A. Kowalewski[1]
[1]Institute of Fundamental Technological Research Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Comprehensive studies of drug transport in nanofibres based mats have been performed to predict drug release kinetics. The paper presents our approach to analyze the impact of fibers arrangement, one of the parameters varied in our parallel experimental studies. COMSOL Multiphysics® has been used to assess the impact of the various purposed arrangements of fibers within the mat. Drug release ...

A Finite Element Model of Shear Wave Propagation Induced by an Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse

R. De Luca[1,2], J. Fromageau[1], H.W. Chan[1], F. Marinozzi[2], J. Bamber[1]
[1]Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden Hospital, Sutton, England, United Kingdom
[2]Sapienza University of Rome, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Rome, Italy

Shear wave elastography is an innovative technique used in combination with the traditional ultrasound imaging to improve the specificity of cancer imaging. A two-dimensional finite element model (FEM), composed of realistic boundary conditions, was developed in COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate the propagation of shear waves induced by an acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) in isotropic, ...

Simulating Organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics®: Cell-based Signaling Models

D. Iber[1], J. Vollmer[1], D. Menshykau[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland

Most models of biological pattern formation are simulated on continuous domains even though cells are discrete objects that provide internal boundaries to the diffusion of regulatory components. In our previous papers on simulating organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics® (Germann et al COMSOL Multiphysics® Conf Procedings 2011; Menshykau and Iber, COMSOL Multiphysics® Conf Proceedings 2012) we ...

Acoustic Field Comparison of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Using Experimental Characterization and Finite Element Simulation

J. L. Teja[1], A. Vera[1], L. Leija[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav-IPN, Mexico D.F., Mexico

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is used as a noninvasive technique of tissue heating and ablation for different medical treatments. This paper presents a quantitative comparison of HIFU acoustic fields experimentally obtained versus simulated acoustic fields. Acoustic field characterization was realized in two HIFU transducers using water as a propagation medium. Also, simulations were ...

A Comparison Between an A-V and V Formulation in Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

B. Granula[1], K. Porzig[2], H. Toepfer[2], M. Gacanovic[1]
[1]University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina
[2]Technische Universität Ilmenau, Ilmenau, Germany

The prediction of the exact location and intensity of the electric field induced in the human brain during Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a nontrivial computational task. Numerical simulations of the procedure can be used to acquire first approximations in a safe and controlled environment. In order to make this approach more accessible, it is necessary to reduce computation time as much as ...

Modeling 3D Calcium Waves from Stochastic Calcium Sparks in a Sarcomere Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

L. T. Izu[1], Z. Coulibaly[2], B. Peercy[2]
[1]University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
[2]University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA

This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...

Electrical Characterization of Biological Cells on Porous Substrate Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

D. Mondal[1], C. RoyChaudhuri[1]
[1]Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Bengal Engineering and Science University, Howrah, West Bengal, India

In this paper, the gross electrical characterization of biological cells on porous substrate is analyzed using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Dynamic electrical characterization during cell growth is used as a non-invasive and label-free technique to understand the growth kinetics of cells. It is observed from the COMSOL simulation that the percentage change in the current density is greater in porous ...

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