Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Heat and Mass Transfer in Partially Frozen Food Material

B. Watzke[1], H. Deyber[1], and H. Limbach[2]
[1]Nestlé Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland
[2]Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland

The freezing curve of the food material was extracted from Differential Scanning Calorimetry experiments. A heat conductive model was generated in COMSOL, including the thermo-physical characteristics and the phase transition behavior. The resulting temperature-time evolutions at different positions in space were in excellent agreement with our experimental data. Changing scale, the variation ...

Heat Output From Space Heating Radiator With Add-On-Fan Blowers

P-O. Johansson, and J. Wollerstrand
Lund University, Lund, Sweden

In a hydronic space heating system the heat output arises from natural convection and radiation from the radiators. In order to increase the heat output, without replacing the radiators with larger ones, or increasing the temperature level, the radiator can be equipped with add-onfan blowers. In the latter case, the heat output from the radiator will increase due to increased convection. This ...

Thermal Modelling For The Implementation Of An Energetic Efficiency Control System In A Room Of Meetings Of Singular Geometry

M. Martínez, V. Fuster, J. Fernández, and I. Benítez
Instituto Tecnológico de la Energía (ITE), Paterna, Valencia, Spain

The aim of this Project is to obtain a temporary and spatial evolution model of the temperature into a meeting room with the aim to develop an efficient energy mechanism which can improve the air conditioner control system. The project has considered two extremes cases: on the one hand a typical summer day and on the other hand a winter day. From annual data of the Institute weather station a ...

Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate

C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...

Thermo-Fluidic Impulse Response and TOF Analysis of a Pulsed Hot Wire

O. Ecin, M. Malek, B. J. Hosticka, and A. Grabmaier
Chair for Electronic Components and Circuits
University of Duisburg-Esse
Duisburg, Germany

In this work the authors report on a CFD simulation of a pipe flow model. Fluid mechanics are here combined with heat transfer phenomena. To create a mathematical model of a pulsed hot wire system i.e., the thermo-fluidic impulse response of a pulsed hot wire, a simulation model is going to be analyzed which describes the impulse response according to the physics from thermodynamics. The ...

Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure

K. T. Witte[1], F. Dammel[2], L. Schnabel[1], and P. Stephan[2]
[1]Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
[2]Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany

In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...

Numerical Simulation for Dimensioning a Rock Heating Experiment

P. Ralek, and M. Hokr
Technical University of Liberec
Liberec, Czech Republic

The paper deals with simulation of rock heating experiment in underground, testing the rock properties for geothermal application. The modeled process is unsteady heat conduction in 3D. We made several parametric studies to find the possible temperature range with uncertainty in some of the parameters - in particular an interval around the laboratory measured heat conductivity and capacity and ...

Thermal Simulation of an Evaporation Reactor

H. Rouch, and S. Desbois
Villard de Lans, France

In this article we present Simulations results of an evaporation reactor for optical layer applications. The thermal simulation concern the source of the evaporated material. An experimental problem is ralated to the shape of the material powder surface: due to the evaporation rate, the surface don\'t keep his flat initial shape and this has a strong effect on the local evaporation rate. In ...

Laser Ablation Modeling of CIGS Solar Cells

S. Grubinskas, and G. Raciukaitis
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
Vilnius, Lithuania

Structure under consideration was a layered medium consisting of various materials depending on the specific solar cell. Three processes are considered: energy coupling by electrons taking into account interference effects between the layers, energy transfer from electrons to the lattice using a two-temperature model for heat dissipation and phase transitions in materials. Incident ...

Heat Transfer Model for Embedded Thermocouple in Firefighter Glove

D. Mrugala, T. Riebeck, and W. Lang
Institute for Microsensors, -actuators and –systems (IMSAS)
University of Bremen
Bremen, Germany

The Integration of contact heat measurement with intelligent fire fighter gloves assumes parametric simulations with the heat transfer module of COMSOL. A thermocouple is embedded into high temperature protective layers of the glove and measures contact heat. This is done by by pressing the hand backside of the glove against a hot device like a door. The Heat transfer module has been used to ...

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