EIHES, Ecole d’Ingénieurs de Genève
Electron interferometry using the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) effect finds many applications in industrial areas such as future nanocomputer technologies, physical random number generators, electron phase microscopy and holography, to name just a few. The presence of a confined magnetic field surrounded by the interferometer arms, as originally proposed by Aharonov and Bohm is however a source of ...
Computations of the earth’s and other solar planets’ magnetic moments with the aid of a FEMLAB electromagnetic module
Retired, Hughes Space & Communications Co. (Now Boeing Co.)
Computations have been performed of Earth’s and other solar planets’ magnetic moments with the aid of a FEMLAB Electromagnetic Module. The FEMLAB library has a specific program that calculates magnetic field strength and distribution resulting from a circular current source. This program has been adapted with 38 concentric loops to simulate the conductive currents circulating within the ...
Jin, L.Z.1, Ssemakula, H.2, Sandström, R.1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
2 Department of Production Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion with an insertion in the die has been studied through a finite-element model consisting of fluid dynamics and heat transfer approaches. The billet material is considered as rigid-visco-plastic and rate-sensitive. A dynamic viscosity, which is strain-rate and temperature dependent, has been integrated into the model. ...
A. Hallgarth, A. Zayer, A. Gatward, and J. Davies
Hazard Research & Risk Consultants Ltd, Aberystwyth, Wales, United Kingdom
Independent Consultants, United Kingdom
This paper presents and discusses HazRes’ research and results associated with the simulation and modelling of hydrogen release and dispersion events in indoor enclosed environments, using COMSOL Multiphysics. HazRes has developed a gas dispersion model in COMSOL, which takes into account the effects of buoyancy, localized ventilation effects and turbulence generated by obstacles on the ...
P.A. Koski and M.S. Mikkola
Department of Applied Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland
A 3D FEM (Finite Element Method) model for predicting the internal pressure distribution of a fuel cell stack is presented. The model includes contact pair boundary conditions between the most critical components, thermal expansion and Young's moduli as a function of temperature. The model is used to investigate the changes in pressure distribution inside a PEM fuel cell at realistic temperatures ...
D. Dalle Nogare and P. Canu
Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...
Technical college, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
A membrane distillation process equipped with mesh-type material spacers has been modeled as a two-dimensional conjugate problem in which a simultaneous numerical solution of the momentum and energy of the feed and cold solutions have been carried out. The results shows that the center suspended spacer produces the highest average shear stress, and gives the highest spacer efficiency at all ...
S.A. Kock , E. Fründ , W.Y. Kim , and J.V. Nygaard 
 Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
 Aarhus University, Denmark
Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...
Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery
C. Wang, Y. Parikh, Y. Song, and J. Yang
Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...