E. Foschi1, C. Guandalini2, G. Levi1, L. Quadrani1, C. Sbarra 1,3, and M. Zuffa2
1Department of Physics, University and INFN, Bologna, Italy
2INFN, Bologna, Italy
3Centro Studi e Ricerche E.Fermi, Roma, Italy
In recent years, a new type of silicon photon detection devices (SiPM) has been developed. These devices have advantages in comparison to normal photomultiplier tubes (PMT), but being made by an array of avalanche photo diodes operated in Geiger mode, they are much more sensitive to temperature changes than standard PMTs. Typical SiPM gains vary from 3 to 5 percent per degree Centigrade. In space ...
Heat Transfer Effects in a Water Calorimeter for Measuring the Absorbed Dose of Therapy-Level Radiation Beams
R. E. Tosh, and H. H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Water calorimetry that directly measures the temperature rise (at the mK level) due to radiation heating is used as a primary standard for therapy-level gamma-radiation beams. The temperature rise is measured at a given point in space where the spatial distribution of the absorbed dose is non-uniform, and therefore is subject to heat conduction and convection distortions that must be corrected to ...
X. Liu1, J. Zhang1, P. H. Steele1, and J. P. Donohoe2
1Dept. of Forest Products, Mississippi State University, MS, USA
2Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Mississippi State University, MS, USA
A technique based on the interaction of electromagnetic (EM) fields with the dielectric material is used for the non-destructive evaluation of wood-based material properties. An understanding of how the electromagnetic field is affected by the wood properties is necessary in order to optimize the system performance based on the frequency of the EM field. The COMSOL Multiphysics software package ...
Q. Li, and S. Seelecke
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
This presentation deals with a Thermomechanical coupled analysis of a Shape Memory wire actuator. The outline for the Shape Memory Alloy model is:Motivation - Multiple scales and materialsMicro-scale mechanismsMeso-scale lattice elementsMacro-scale elementFree energy conceptUnified approach to various active materials(SMA, PZT, FSMA, etc.)Mathematical modelStatistical thermodynamicsThermally ...
S. Kiravittaya, P. Cendula, A. Rastelli, and O. Schmidt
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany
Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, Dresden, Germany
Strain induced by local deformation of a flexible micrometer-sized semiconductor tube is quantified by modeling a ball pressing on the tube wall. By changing the pressing condition, we are able to change the strain state of the tube wall incorporating self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) in the wall. The QD emission energy is calculated in COMSOL® by solving the Schrödinger wave equation ...
R. Gamache, and D. Spinelli
TransTech Systems, Inc., Schenectady, NY, USA
Tunnels and their detection have been a problem in warfare since the ancient world. Recent events have highlighted the ongoing problems of tunnels and the difficulties in locating them, not only in military situations, but also in law enforcement and homeland security applications as well. Electromagnetic and acoustic or seismic techniques may provide the significant advantage of a mobile non ...
Modeling Dispersal of Genetic Information in Structured Agricultural Landscapes with Partial Differential Equations
K. Lipsius, and O. Richter
Institute of Geoecology, TU Braunschweig, Germany
We present a model for plant dispersal in agricultural landscapes to evaluate the gene dispersal from genetically modified (GM) plants. Dispersal from seed and pollen is modeled with partial differential equations. In scenarios, we investigated the effect of roadside application of non-selective herbicides on dispersal of herbicide tolerant oilseed rape (HT OSR). We showed that OSR growing on ...
E. Kamau, and F. Voigt
University of Oldenburg, Germany
Cantilever vibration modes were simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics. In the 1st approach the model consisted of an excitation piezo, a holder plate and a chip where the cantilever was mounted on. A sinusoidal voltage signal was applied to the piezo in the simulation, which resulted in movements of the holder plate and finally led to the excitation of the cantilever. In the 2nd approach the model ...
J. McGuirk and P. Collins
Air Force Institute of Technology, WPAFB, OH, USA
The performance of simplified cylindrical cloaks with various material parameters was investigated. The performance metric was the overall scattering width of the cloak with various objects in the hidden region. COMSOL was used to simulate three cloaks with different material parameters to determine the total field in the simulation domain. For all cloaks simulated in this effort, a PEC-lined ...
F. Van den Abeele, J. Vande Voorde, and P. Goes
ArcelorMittal Research & Development Industry Gent, Zelzate, Belgium
Vortex-induced vibration is a major cause of fatigue failure in submarine oil and gas pipelines and steel catenary risers. Even moderate currents can induce vortex shedding. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to study the flow pattern around submarine pipeline spans, and predict the amplitude and frequency of the vortex induced vibrations. The sensitivity of the computational fluid ...