Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Integrated Thermoelectric Generator-Photovoltaic Thermal (TEG-PVT) System

R. Kiflemariam[1], M. Almas[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

2D steady state heat conduction-electric current model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of thermoelectric generator-photovoltaic-thermal (TEG-PVT) system. Four different cases were studied in the paper. In case 1, PV cells without concentrator was simulated while in case 2, concentrator ratio range from 2 to 5 was utilized, In case 3, the convection heat ...

Simulation of the Temperature Profile During Welding with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Using Rosenthal's Approach

A. Lecoanet[1], D. G. Ivey[1], H. Henein[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

A 3D finite element analysis is carried out, using COMSOL® software, to reproduce the thermal profile obtained with Rosenthal’s equation. The implemented heat transfer equation has been modified as a means to approximate Rosenthal’s solution. An analysis of the differences between the simulation and Rosenthal’s solution, when the geometry of the domain and the source are changed, has been ...

Modal Analysis of Functionally-Graded Metal-Ceramic Composite Plates

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], W. L. Saunders II[2], K. Pendley[3]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
[3]United Technologies - Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT, USA

The determination of the modes of vibration of Functionally Graded-Metal-Ceramic Composite plates is important in practice in order to prevent undesired resonances in structural components. This paper describes the application of COMSOL Multiphysics® software for the determination of the modes of vibration of Aluminum A356-T6Alloy-ZrO2 FG-MCC square plates.

Estimation of Hydraulic Conductivity for a Heterogeneous Unsaturated Soil Using Electrical Resistivity and Level-Set Methods

T. K. Chou[1], M. Chouteau[1], J. S. Dubé[2]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, QC, Canada

The estimation of the soil saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) is crucial in understanding water flow and transport of contaminants. There are many hydrological techniques available in determining this parameter (constant head method, in-situ soil analysis, etc...). While these techniques can provide quality data points, they are often limited by sparse data sampling and scale. Therefore ...

Implementation of a Viscoelastic Material Model to Simulate Relaxation in Glass Transition

Z. Zheng[1], R. Zhang[1]
[1]Corning Incorporated, Corning, NY, USA

Introduction: Glass relaxation occurs in a range of temperature during transition from equilibrium to super-cooled liquid. Viscoelastic material model can be applied to simulate glass behavior during the glass transition regime and to predict the glass deformation and stress evolution. Viscoelasticity is the property of materials that exhibit both viscous and elastic characteristics when ...

An Improved Loudspeaker Frequency Response by Using a Structure of Rigid Absorptive Panel in a Vented Cabinet

R. Balistreri[1]
[1]Community Light & Sound Inc., Chester, PA, USA

When placing a loudspeaker in a cabinet, standing waves inside the cabinet affect the frequency response with ripples. This peaks and dips due to pressure cancellation inside the cabinet have an effect on the diaphragm and generating sound out from the vents. If it was in a condition of total absorption of the sound waves at the back of the diaphragm, the transducer would otherwise have a much ...

Diffusion and Reaction in Fe-Based Catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Using Micro Kinetic Rate Expressions

A. Nanduri[1], P. L. Mills[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is a highly exothermic polymerization reaction of syngas (CO+H2) in the presence of Fe/Co/Ru-based catalysts to produce a wide range of paraffins, olefins and oxygenates, often known as syncrude. Multi-Tubular Fixed Bed Reactors (MTFBR) and Slurry Bubble Column Reactors (SBCR) are widely employed for FTS processes. The scale-up of MTFBR is complicated by the ...

Finite Element Modeling of Vasoreactivity Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

J. Parikh[1], A. Kapela[1], N. Tsoukias[1]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...

Numerical Simulation of Thermal Runaway in a THz GaAs Photoconductor

S. Sarodia[1,2], W. Zhang[2], E. Brown[2]
[1]Centerville High School, Dayton, OH, USA
[2]Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA

Ultrafast terahertz photoconductor devices, especially photomixers, are usually limited in output power by device failure thought to be caused by excessive temperatures. Therefore, understanding of thermal breakdown is essential to the study of device reliability and failure of photoconductors. We performed a series of simulations to determine the electronic and thermal thresholds responsible ...

3D Acoustic Streaming Field in High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

B. Baumann[1], J. Schwieger[1], M. Wolff[1], F. Manders[2], J. Suijker[2]
[1]Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany
[2]Philips Lighting, Turnhout, Belgium

High-intensity discharge lamps will in the foreseeable future be important light sources despite a growing market share of LEDs. Cost and energy efficient high frequency (300 kHz) operation is hampered by the excitation of acoustic resonances inside the arc tube, which results in low frequency (10 Hz) light flicker. Our aim is to calculate the acoustic streaming velocity field, which is related ...

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