University College of Borås / Chalmers University of Technology
Hydraulic behaviour in an activated denitrifying sludge tank was investigated by fullscale tracer tests and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling, using FEMLAB 3.1. A theoretical model of the hydraulic behavior in the tank was made with FEMLAB 3.1 using the 3D kε turbulence model. Outlet concentrations of the tracer from this model was also plotted in a RTD curve (figure 3). Curve ...
Modeling the iodine removal efficiency and temperature behavior for an FADS charcoal filter by FEMLAB
Qin, Z.1, Wren, J.C.1, Moore, C.J.2
1 Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
2 Chalk River Laboratories, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Chalk River, Ontario, Canada
A key component of the Filtered Air Discharge System in nuclear power reactors is a charcoal filter, intended to remove gaseous fission products, mainly radioiodine, in the unlikely event of an accident. Models for removal of CH3I and temperature behaviour of a charcoal filter have been described. The CH3I removal model is based on a mass balance equation consisting of CH3I transport due to ...
Varela, A.E., Suárez, M.
Universidad de Carabobo, Facultad de Ingeniería, Valencia, Venezuela
The thermoplastics injection-molding process of has become one of the most important polymer processing operations in the production of molded parts with geometric complexity and high precision. Modeling and computer simulation of this process is not an easy task. Commercial computer packages have been designed for the simulation of the injection molding process. These programs allow the ...
Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation
A. Datta, and A. Halder
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...
M. Quast and N.R. Lalic
Gunytronic GmbH, St Valentin, Germany
The sensor type developed by Gunytronic uses corona discharge for measuring flow rates in exhaust streams of automotives, aircrafts and industrial plants. This paper will present the development of testing equipment used in laboratory for investigating physical relations on corona currents, charged particle transport, the calculation of the collateral electric fields and high potentials. This ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
D. Dalle Nogare and P. Canu
Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy
This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...
A.H. Feyissa, J. Adler-Nissen, and K.V. Gernaey
Food Production Engineering, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
A 2D mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transfer describing oven roasting of meat was formulated from first principles. The current formulation of model equations incorporates the effect of shrinkage phenomena and water holding capacity. The model equations are based on conservation of mass and energy. The pressure driven transport of water in meat is expressed using Darcy’s equation. ...
G. Zhang, S. Bearden
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...
K. J. Suthar, D. C. Mancini, M. K. Ghantasala
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...