Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Actively Controlled Ionic Current Gating In Nanopores

G. Zhang[1], S. Bearden[1]
[1]Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

It is necessary to understand and control nanopore behavior in order to develop biosensors for a variety of applications including DNA sequencing. The fluidics of nanopore devices we fabricated exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, such as enhanced conductance and current rectification. By electrically biasing nanopores, we were able to actively control the nanopore conductance in real time ...

Simulating the Electrical Double Layer Capacitance

G. Zhang
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

When a solid surface makes contact with a liquid medium, an electrical double layer (EDL) structure forms spontaneously through thermodynamic interaction between electrons and ions. In this study, we developed a computational model using commercial finite element analysis package COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the double layer structure and quantify the EDL capacitance for the first time. In the ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Moisture Risks in Multi-layered Walls - Comparison of COMSOL Multiphysics® and WUFI®PLUS Models with Experimental Results

A. Ozolins[1], A. Jakovics[1]
[1]Laboratory for Mathematical Modelling of Technological and Environmental Processes, Riga, Latvia

Moisture can cause serious damages in different building components therefore the heat and moisture calculation in building constructions are important tasks. In the current paper, two different multi-layered walls, mainly consisted of wooden materials and mineral wool, are analyzed. Risks of mould growth under Latvian climate conditions are estimated using 3 different approaches: experimental ...

Combustion Of Kerosene-Air Mixtures In A Closed Vessel

C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France

The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...

COMSOL® and MATLAB® Integration to Optimize Heat Exchangers Using Genetic Algorithms Technique

J. Muñoz[1], R. Valencia[2], and C. Nieto [3]
[1] Semillero Termodinámica y Fluidos, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia
[2] Grupo Automática y Diseño
[3] Instituto de Energía y Termodinámica, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia

Genetic Algorithms (GA) have proved to be a complete and effective approach for solving optimization problems. This article presents the integration between COMSOL® and a GA optimization tool coded in MATLAB® for the optimization of two thermal systems: a constant area fin in 2D and a concentric heat exchanger in 2D. Analysis permitted us to achieve efficiencies of up to 90%. For the ...

Simulation of Geomechanical Reservoir Behavior during SAGD Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

X. Gong[1], R. Wan[1]
[1]University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

THM (Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical) behavior of the reservoir during SAGD (Steam-Assistant-Gravity-Drainage) was studied through a proper constitutive modeling of the porous media. Specifically, a generalized density-stress-fabric dependent elasto-plastic model with stress-dilatancy and plastic damage as main ingredients was implemented into COMSOL Multiphysics®, to model geomechanical behavior during ...

Miscible Viscous Fingering of Pushed Versus Pulled Interface

S. Pramanik[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

Viscous fingering (VF) instability has been extensively studied over past several decades in the context of various industrial, environmental and chemical processes. We try to model miscible VF at pushed or pulled interfaces using COMSOL Multiphysics®. We study the effect of the positive and negative log-mobility ratio on the fingering instability. Numerical simulation has been performed in 2D ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Packed Bed Reactor

A.E. Varela[1], and J.C. García[1]

[1]University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela

Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...

Modeling a Combined Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], B. Fontenault[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

A novel combined photovoltaic-thermal panel can simultaneously increase the conversion efficiency of the PV cell and utilize some of the excess thermal energy created by the conversion process (see Figure 1). The Conjugate Heat Transfer physics in COMSOL was used to create a two-dimensional, steady state model of such a combined photovoltaic cell-thermal panel. Figure 2 shows a magnified view of ...

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