Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of the Controlled Droplet Breakup by Static Electric Fields inside a Microfluidic Flow-focusing Device

Y. Li[1], K. Nandakumar[1], M. Jain[1]
[1]Louisiana State Univeristy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Conventional passive microfluidic flow-focusing devices confront difficulties in controlling droplet sizes in dripping regime especially when the dispersed phase has a large viscosity. It is reported that external electric field can be used to manipulate the droplet breakup. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics based level-set method coupled with perfect dielectric model has been ...

Simulating the Electrical Double Layer Capacitance

G. Zhang
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

When a solid surface makes contact with a liquid medium, an electrical double layer (EDL) structure forms spontaneously through thermodynamic interaction between electrons and ions. In this study, we developed a computational model using commercial finite element analysis package COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the double layer structure and quantify the EDL capacitance for the first time. In the ...

Multiphysics Approach of the Performance of a Domestic Oven

N. Garcia-Polanco[1], J. Capablo[1], J. Doyle[1]
[1]Whirlpool Corporation, Cassinetta di Biandronno (VA), Italy

The heat and mass transfer processes occurring in a domestic oven is in detailed analyzed in this work, with the final objective of improving the global energy efficiency of the system. A 3D Finite Element model developed with a Multi-physics approach is validated with the experimental data from the standard test for energy consumption of the European Union (EN 50304:2001). In this test a brick ...

Numerical Modeling of the Bistability of Electrolyte Transport in Conical Nanopores

H. White[1], L. Luo[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...

Three-Dimensional (3D) Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer during Microwave Drying of Potatoes

H. Zhu[1][2], T. Gulati[2], A. K. Datta[2], K. Huang[1]
[1]Institute of Applied Electromagnetics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
[2]Department of Biological and Environment Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Microwave drying of fruits and vegetables in a domestic oven has been found to result in large textural changes in the product such as puffing, crack formation and even burning due to the inhomogeneous heating of the microwaves. Microwave drying of potatoes is a complex interplay of mass, momentum and energy transport. Three phases are considered in the system: solid (skeleton), liquid (water) ...

Numerical Simulation of Concentration Polarization to Estimate Gypsum and Calcium Carbonate Scaling on Membrane Surfaces

A. Santafé-Moros[1], J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla[1]
[1]Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

This paper shows a model to estimate the scaling parameters for reverse osmosis membrane processes. The model takes into account the concentration polarization of ionic species in the membrane channel of spiral-wound modules and the effect of the spacers on the flow. The scaling potential of calcium carbonate and sulfate carbonate (gypsum) salts were studied, as they are common sparingly salts ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Catalytic Oxidation of Propane

S. Odiba[1], M. Olea[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...

Combustion Of Kerosene-Air Mixtures In A Closed Vessel

C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France

The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...

Simulation of Gas/Liquid Membrane Contactor with COMSOL Multiphysics®

N. Ghasem[1], M. Al-Marzouqi[1], N. Abdul Rahim[1]
[1]UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates

A comprehensive mathematical model that includes mass and heat transfer was developed for the transport of gas mixture of carbon dioxide and methane through hollow fiber membrane (HFM) contactor. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used in solving the set of partial, ordinary and algebraic equations. The model was based on "non-wetted mode" in which the gas mixture filled the membrane pores for ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Warm-Air Drying of Potatoes Slices

S. Sandoval Torres[1], A. de Lourdes Allier González[1], L.L. Méndez Lagunas[1]
[1]Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR, Oaxaca, Mexico

In this work we solve a model to simulate the drying of potatoes slices. The model considers both the transport of free and vapor water by applying a mechanistic approach. The critical moisture point (CMP) was considered, since it is a transition zone and it represents the point where water saturation is near from cero and hygroscopic domain begins. The CMP divides the hygroscopic and ...

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