Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Acid-Base Reactions Enhancing Membrane Separation: Model Development and Implementation

C. Bayer[1], S. Stiefel[1], M. Follmann[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Reactive extraction of organic acids from an aqueous solution to an alkaline stripping fluid is based on a selective barrier allowing permeation of non-polar molecules, which subsequently react with the stripping agent. The shift from the organic acid to its base induced by the chemical equilibrium enhances mass transfer inside the membrane’s porous substructure. A model of the porous layer ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]Hamilton-Sundstrand
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase

R. Khosrokhavar[1], G. Elsinga[1], R. Farajzadeh[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
[2]Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland

Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...

Heat, Air, and Moisture (HAM) Modeling of Historic Windows

H.L. Schellen[1]
[1]Eindhoven University Of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Windows are the thermal weakest places in the external envelop of buildings. This is true for historic windows with original single pane glazing in historic buildings. To reduce the energy consumption and to improve thermal comfort of historic buildings, replacing these windows by modern double glazed windows affects the authentic character of these buildings too much. One way to improve the ...

Modeling the Coupled Mass Transfer Phenomena During Osmotic Dehydration of Fresh and Frozen Mango Tissues

J. Floury[1], Q.T. Pham[2], and A. Le Bail[3]
[1] UMR STLO–INRA–Agrocampus
[2] School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry, UNSW
Sydney, Australia.
[3] UMR CNRS GEPEA–ENITIAA, Nantes

In this paper, we present a mathematical model for simulating the mass transfer, during the osmotic dehydration of mango cubes. The mass balance equation for the transport of each constituent is established separately for intracellular and extracellular volumes but accounts for the mass exchange across the cell membrane and the shrinkage of whole tissue.

Thermal Dissipation of DIMM Modules in a Tower-BTX Configuration

G. Sorge, G. Cammarata, and G. Petrone
University of Catania

In this paper we study the natural convection for Dual In-Line Memory Module (DIMM) systems. Numerical models are developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The results, obtained for imposed ambient temperature and operative conditions (power supplied to the CPUs) were produced and complex fluid motion field could be detected.

Combined Transfer Phenomena in 3D Modeling of Packaged Foods

M.V. De Bonis[1,2], G. Altieri[2], and G. Ruocco[1,2]
[1] CFDfood
[2] DITEC, Università degli studi della Basilicata, Potenza

Heat and mass transfer can be analyzed for conditions that may limit shelf-life. With this target, the purpose of the present work is the development of a general model which is applicable to a large variety of packaging configurations, food products and environmental conditions. To this end, COMSOL Multiphysics is exploited in a full 3D geometry.

Visions Realized: Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Prepare Students for the Modern World

Bruce A. Finlayson
University of Washington
Washington, USA

This talk demonstrates the success in teaching chemical engineering undergraduates to use COMSOL Multiphysics (FEMLAB) to solve realistic problems in a project format. Undergraduates have been creative and solved problems much more difficult than those in their textbooks, thus gaining a deeper understanding of transport processes. Illustrations are also given how they check to see they’ve ...

Cluster Diameter Determination of Gas-solid Dispersed Particles in a Fluidized Bed Reactor

M. Das
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...

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