Designing Reliable and Efficient CDRA Systems with Simulation

Caty Fairclough June 21, 2016

Manned vessels traveling through space require highly efficient and reliable life support systems, such as carbon dioxide removal assemblies (CDRAs). Poorly designed systems can shorten missions and cause potential danger. Simulating CDRA systems, however, can be quite time-consuming and difficult due to their complex nature. To address such challenges, a team at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center developed a 1D model in the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to efficiently analyze the 4-bed molecular sieve (4BMS) of a CDRA system.

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Caty Fairclough June 15, 2016

Bolometers have the ability to detect and measure the power of incident electromagnetic radiation. This allows them to be used in a range of technologies, from night vision cameras to far-reaching astronomy projects. Designing bolometers often requires devoting a lot of time and energy to the development phase, as these devices must be optimized for sensitivity and customized for their specific applications. To efficiently design bolometers with increased sensitivity, AltaSim Technologies utilized the simulation capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics.

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Bridget Cunningham June 6, 2016

When designing a device or process, it is important to not only study the system itself, but to also account for the effects of the environment around it. Historical weather data can help to address such effects by offering deeper insight into the weather patterns across different locations and time frames. Take a closer look at how such data can foster better design decisions, with a particular emphasis on its benefits within heat transfer modeling.

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Brianne Costa May 31, 2016

Reservoirs, dams, and other outdoor structures need to be strong, reliable, and sound. The porous materials found within these structures can be easily damaged by pressure changes that cause fluid flow and gradual caving and sinking. Using the multiphysics simulation capabilities of COMSOL Multiphysics and the Poroelasticity interface, we can accurately analyze porous materials to evaluate and avoid deformation in such structures.

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Nandita Roche May 19, 2016

Maximizing the efficiency of the learning process, while keeping students engaged — this is the common goal that professors hope to achieve in any course. In the realm of physics- and engineering-based courses, simulation apps are helping to strike such a balance by introducing students to complex concepts in a simplified format. Here, we’ll take a look at some of the innovative ways that university professors are utilizing apps within the classroom.

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Bridget Paulus May 16, 2016

When an electronic device overheats, it risks starting a fire. Cooling components, such as heat sinks, are designed to prevent this, but can’t always keep up with advancing technology. Simulation offers a solution by illustrating how well various heat sink designs conduct heat and how adding elements like manifold microchannels (MMC) improves performance. Today, we’ll explore how an MMC heat sink operates with simulation.

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Aditi Karandikar May 11, 2016

Lasers, focused beams of photons of a single wavelength, find use in a wide variety of applications today — from noninvasive surgeries and fiber optic communication to material processing and even DVD players. Let’s see how a research team from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) used the power of multiphysics simulation to investigate laser-material interaction to avoid the damage of optics internal to high-power laser systems.

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Bridget Cunningham May 2, 2016

Graphene is a material with a strong presence — and impact — throughout the scientific community. Amongst its many uses, researchers are looking to graphene as a potential material solution within sensor designs for medical and biosensing applications. Today, we’ll explore the role of simulation in analyzing and optimizing a 3D multilayered graphene biosensor.

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Peng-Chhay Ung April 11, 2016

Radiators, refrigerators, and geothermal pumps all need to efficiently extract heat from one fluid to another without mixing them. Among all of the different heat exchanger designs, finned pipes aim to increase the exchange surface between the content of a pipe and the exterior using fins. Finned pipes usually show a geometrical periodicity along the length, which we will take advantage of in this demo app to reduce computational costs.

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Caty Fairclough March 31, 2016

Two professional chefs stand in a classroom, closely observing a soft-boiled egg. What may initially sound like a cooking class is actually part of a physics course offered at the Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (TU/e) in the Netherlands. Using COMSOL Multiphysics, students are investigating the science behind cooking the perfect soft-boiled egg. See how this innovative blend of simulation research and food science is teaching students how to build and test models.

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Walter Frei March 30, 2016

Whenever solid materials are heated enough, they will melt and then vaporize to a gas. Certain materials will even go directly from the solid to the gas phase, a process referred to as sublimation or ablation. If the material is heated strongly enough, there will be significant material removal. Today, we will look at how you can model this process in COMSOL Multiphysics.

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