How to Model Contact Fatigue in COMSOL Multiphysics®

Mateusz Stec | August 4, 2016

Damage occurs in bearings, gears, rails, and cams due to a damage mechanism called contact fatigue. This happens in assemblies when two parts in contact experience a time-dependent contact pressure. When the transferred load is too high, and after numerous load cycles, a piece of the surface material can flake off and leave a small crater. This phenomenon is called spalling or pitting. With the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, we can model contact fatigue and predict failure in these components.

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Aditi Karandikar | August 2, 2016

Acoustic measurements aren’t always accurate due to imperfections in the measurement tools. To limit incorrect results, devices, such as microphones and vibration transducers, have standards that define their allowable margin of error. Meeting these standards is required, but good measurement tools go a step further and keep their error range consistent over time. To create quality devices, research teams at Brüel & Kjær use multiphysics simulation to model their microphone and transducer designs.

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Abbie Weingaertner | August 1, 2016

Modern food processing techniques are constantly being analyzed and improved. To evaluate the efficiency of such techniques and the equipment that they utilize, researchers and engineers can turn to simulation tools like COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical modeling apps are helping to bring this simulation power to a wider audience, accelerating the optimization of such processes along the way. Let’s see how this applies to the analysis of induction heating for food processing.

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Henrik Sönnerlind | July 28, 2016

In the latest version of COMSOL Multiphysics® — version 5.2a — we bring you new features designed to enhance your structural mechanics contact modeling. You can, for instance, simulate objects that stick together once they come in contact (adhesion) as well as those that pull apart (decohesion), including full cohesive-zone modeling. Learn how to address each of these scenarios using the new functionality in COMSOL Multiphysics.

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Bridget Cunningham | July 21, 2016

In any form of treatment, it is always desirable to minimize the level of discomfort that the treatment process causes patients, while ensuring overall safety and effectiveness. For diabetes patients, insulin injections remain an important form of treatment, but the process itself can be painful. With the help of multiphysics simulation, a team of researchers from the University of Ontario Institute of Technology sought to develop a MEMS-based micropump that could administer insulin injections in a safe and painless way.

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Bridget Cunningham | July 20, 2016

Cryogenic techniques are used to treat a wide range of cosmetic dermatological problems as well as remove internal tumors and other damaged tissue. Shifting from the typical nitrogen-based approach, researchers at the University of Birmingham in the U.K. sought to investigate the potential of using a thermoelectric cooler, or Peltier device, to cool a cryogenic probe. Here’s a look at how COMSOL Multiphysics provided them with the tools to do so.

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Brianne Costa | July 11, 2016

For gas pipeline maintenance standards, the adage “rules are meant to be broken” may not apply, but “rules are meant to be updated” certainly does. Specifically, the generous distance requirements between pipeline squeeze-off locations and pipe fittings cause potentially unnecessary digging. This prompted Operations Technology Development (OTD), a partnership of natural gas distribution companies, to initiate a project with Gas Technology Institute (GTI), where researchers used simulation to investigate the standard distance requirements for streamlined and safe pipeline maintenance.

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Pawan Soami | July 7, 2016

Gears are devices that are widely used for the transmission of rotary motion from one shaft to another. Automobiles, electric motors, wind turbines, and other machines all require a gearbox in order to change their speed or torque. With the latest version of COMSOL Multiphysics® — version 5.2a — we bring you new gear modeling features and functionality, from components in the Parts Library to an array of tutorial models that illustrate potential applications.

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Abbie Weingaertner | July 6, 2016

Consider a class of civil engineering structures like the Pratt truss bridge. While the concept behind each design is similar, the actual configuration of the bridge and the loads that are applied to it varies by each case. With the Application Builder, you can design a simulation tool that enables users to easily modify parameters to account for these differences in geometry and loads. Learn more with our Truss Bridge Designer computational app.

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Walter Frei | June 30, 2016

Thermostats are used in most homes for controlling furnaces and air conditioners to maintain a comfortable interior temperature. A simple thermostat controlling a heater will have on and off setpoints. Such a control scheme is easy to implement within COMSOL Multiphysics using the Events interface, as presented in a previous blog post. Today, we will expand this technique to include a delay, a time lag between turning the heater on or off, in a thermostat simulation.

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Amlan Barua | June 29, 2016

Simulation apps, as we’ve highlighted on the blog, are a powerful tool for hiding complex physics behind an easy-to-use, intuitive interface. While the app can be used by those with little simulation expertise, understanding the layers beneath its interface — the embedded model and underlying theory — does require a good understanding of COMSOL Multiphysics and the physics at hand. Let’s explore the connection between theory, model, and app using the example of analyzing buckling in a truss tower design.

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