The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Loudspeaker Driver in a Vented Enclosure

This model of a boxed loudspeaker lets you apply a nominal driving voltage and extract the resulting sound pressure level in the outside room as a function of the frequency. The sensitivity, both on-axis and spatial, is determined as function of frequency. These are some of the most important design parameters for a loudspeaker. The electromagnetic properties of the driver are supplied from the ...

Acoustic Levitator

An ultrasonic standing wave levitator, also called acoustic levitator, is a device used for levitating fluid and solid particles in an acoustic field. The standing acoustic waves exert an acoustic radiation force on the particles. The force is a second order effect and stems from a combination of the time averaged pressure and inertial interaction between the particles and the acoustic field. ...

Transient Gaussian Explosion

An ellipse with sound-hard walls has the interesting property that an acoustic signal emanating from one of the foci refocuses at the other focal point b/c seconds later, where b (in meters) is the major axis length and c (m/s) is the speed of sound. This model involves a Gaussian explosion at one focus of an ellipse to illustrate some properties of time-dependent acoustic problems. The ...

Helmholtz Resonator Analyzed with Different Frequency Domain Solvers

This model simulates a simple three-dimensional axisymmetric Helmholtz resonator, a classic acoustics model of a resonating circuit with a known theoretical solution. The idealized version considered here consists of a tube and a closed volume in series which are exposed to a pulsatile pressure. Real-world phenomena explained by the resonator include amongst others the resonance from blowing ...

Acoustic Scattering off an Ellipsoid

This is a tutorial model that illustrates the use of the scattered field formulation in acoustics. A solid object (here an ellipsoid) is hit by an incident plane wave field (background pressure field). The model solves for the scattered field. The model uses a PML and a far-field calculation is also added. The mesh is set up to enhance the PML and the far-field performance. ...

Sedan Interior Acoustics

This is a model of the acoustics inside a sedan, that is inside a typical hard-top family car. The model sets up sources at loudspeaker locations as well as impedance conditions to model soft absorbing surfaces (seats and carpet). The model results in plots of the pressure, sound pressure level, and intensity inside the car. The frequency response at given points inside the cabin are also ...

Acoustic-Structure Interaction with a Perfectly Matched Layer (PML)

This small tutorial model shows how to set up a model with a solid mechanics and a pressure acoustics domain including a common perfectly matched layer (PML). The PML is used to model an open or infinite domain for both the elastic waves and the pressure waves. Two configurations of PMLs exist (this model describes the first case which is also the most difficult to handle): 1. One PML should ...

Photoacoustic Resonator

This is a model of a simple photoacoustic (or optoacoustic) resonator. A pulsating laser heats a gas causing expansion and contraction and thus creates pressure waves. Such devices are used as sensors for measuring material parameters of the gas inside the resonator. The resonance frequency of the system depends on the gas in the resonator. The model uses the Thermoviscous Acoustic, Frequency ...

Acoustic Streaming in a Microchannel Cross Section

Recent advances in the fabrication of microfluidic systems require handling of live cells and other micro particles as well as mixing. All this can, for example, be achieved using acoustic radiation forces and the viscous drag from the streaming flow. Streaming: Due to the nonlinear terms in the Navier-Stokes equations, harmonic perturbation of the flow will lead to a net time-averaged flow ...

The Brüel & Kjær 4134 Condenser Microphone

This is a model of the Brüel and Kjær 4134 condenser microphone. The geometry and material parameters are those of the actual microphone. The modeled sensitivity level is compared to measurements performed on an actual microphone and shows good agreement. The membrane deformation, pressure, velocity, and electric field are also determined. The model is a true multiphysics problem that ...