The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Electrodeposition Modulex

Electrodeposition of an Inductor Coil

This example models the deposition of an inductor coil in 3D. The geometry includes the extrusion of the deposition pattern into an isolating photoresist mask, and a diffusion layer on top of the photoresist. The mass transfer of copper ions in the electrolyte has a major impact on the ... Read More

Electrodeposition of a Microconnector Bump with Deforming Geometry in 3D

This model simulates the shape evolution of a microconnector bump over time as copper deposits on an electrode surface. Transport of cupric ions in the electrolyte occurs by convection and diffusion. The electrode kinetics are described by a concentration dependent Butler-Volmer ... Read More

Electrode Growth Next to an Insulator

This example shows how to model secondary current distribution and electrode growth with a moving geometry. To avoid numerical instabilities, a seed layer is introduced in the initial geometry to obtain a right angle at the edge between the growing electrode and the insulator. Read More

Fountain Flow Effects on Electrodeposition on a Rotating Wafer

This example extends the analysis made in the model Electrodeposition on a Resistive Patterned Wafer by including the diffusion and convection of copper ions in the electrolyte. The coupled mass transport convection-diffusion effects are of interest in this type of reactor since they ... Read More

Electrodeposition of a Microconnector Bump in 2D

This model demonstrates the impact of convection and diffusion on the transport-limited electrodeposition of a copper microconnector bump (metal post). Microconnector bumps are used in various types of electronic applications for interconnecting components, for instance liquid crystal ... Read More

Copper Electroless Deposition

Electroless deposition or plating is a non-galvanic plating method that does not require any external electrical power. This technique is typically used for electroless plating of nickel, silver, gold and copper. In electroless deposition, partial oxidation and reduction reactions ... Read More

Ion-Exchange Membranes and Donnan Potentials

This model file was used for creating the plots featured in the blog post "[How to Model Ion-Exchange Membranes and Donnan Potentials](/blogs/how-to-model-ion-exchange-membranes-and-donnan-potentials/)". Read More

Electrocoating of a Car Door

This example models electrocoating of paint onto a car door in a time-dependent simulation. The deposited paint is highly resistive which results in lowered local deposition rates for coated areas. A primary current distribution in combination with a film resistance model is used to ... Read More

Electrodeposition on a Resistive Patterned Wafer

This example models time-dependent copper deposition on a resistive wafer in a cupplater reactor. As the deposited layer builds up, the resistive losses of the deposited layer decreases. The benefit of using a current thief for a more uniform deposit is demonstrated. Read More

Superfilling Electrodeposition

This example illustrates the concept of superfilling in electrodeposition. The deposition rate is accelerated in concave areas of the surface, where the concentration of a surface catalyst is increased due to the area contraction of the moving boundary. Read More