Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of the Electrical Properties of Insulating Thin Films Deposited on a Conductive Substrate

R.A.Gerhardt[1], and S. Kumar[1]
[1]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Parametric finite element simulations were performed to study the effect of film thickness, and electrode size on the different impedance parameters for insulating thin films deposited on a conductive substrate. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to solve the quasi-static form of Maxwell’s electromagnetic equations in time harmonic mode. Several types of 2D models (linear and axisymmetric) ...

Periodic Near-field Enhancement on Metal-Dielectric Interfacial Gratings at Optimized Azimuthal Orientation

M. Csete[1,2], X. Hu[1], A. Sipos[2], A. Szalai[2], A. Mathesz[2], and K. Berggren[1]

[1]Research Laboratory of Electronics, Nanostructures Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA
[2]Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

The effect of plasmon-wavelength scaled gratings on the surface plasmon resonance is studied experimentally and theoretically. The model samples are multi-layers containing laser fabricated gratings at bimetal-polymer interfaces. Dual-angle dependent surface plasmon resonance measurements are performed illuminating the samples by monochromatic light in Kretschmann arrangement. The ...

Two-Dimensional COMSOL Simulation of Heavy-Oil Recovery by Electromagnetic Heating

M. Carrizales[1], and L.W. Lake[1]

[1]The University of Texas at Austin, University Station, Austin, Texas, USA

Introducing heat to the formation has proven to be an effective way of lowering the oil viscosity of heavy oils by raising the temperature in the formation. The application of electrical energy has gained more interest during the last decade because it offers fewer restrictions for its successful application compared to the conventional steam flooding methods. Although this recovery technique ...

Software Package for Modeling III-Nitride QW Laser Diodes and Light Emitting Devices

M. V. Kisin[1], R. G. W. Brown[1], and H. S. El-Ghoroury[1]
[1]Ostendo Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, USA

We present a modeling software package developed at Ostendo Technologies for analysis and design of semiconductor laser and light-emitting diodes. The current database of material parameters supports complete group of III-Nitride alloys used in visible spectrum applications and can be readily extended to all III-V compounds. Self-consistent multi-band quantum-mechanical model for carrier energy ...

Multiphysics Simulation of a Packed Bed Reactor

A.E. Varela[1], and J.C. GarcĂ­a[1]

[1]University of Carabobo, Valencia, Venezuela

Most reactor designs are based on pseudo homogeneous models. This paper studies the COMSOL simulation of a packed bed reactor using a 2-D heterogeneous model. The case considered was a packed reactor with spherical catalyst for oxidation of o-xylene in air to phthalic anhydride. Large differences in intra-pellet temperature were found in comparison with the average temperatures resulting from ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper

J. Michalski[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US

The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...

Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Blood Flow over a Backward-Facing Step: Steady-State Simulation

M.W. Siebert[1], and P.S. Fodor[1]
[1]Physics Department, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

In this work, the fluid flow over a 2D backward-facing step is analyzed in order to provide a case study for the use of different models for the blood dynamic viscosity in COMSOL Multiphysics. Three non-Newtonian models, as well as the Newtonian model are used to study the shear stresses and the reattachment length as a function of the fluid speed. The non-Newtonian models used in this study are ...

Modeling Hydrogen Permeation through a Thin TiO2 Film Deposited on Pd

Z. Qin[1], Y. Zeng[1], and D.W. Shoesmith[1]

[1]The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Models that describe hydrogen permeation through a thin TiO2 film deposited on Pd have been developed based on a mass-balance equation consisting of diffusion, reversible hydrogen absorption/desorption, and irreversible hydrogen trapping. These models are solved by the finite element method using COMSOL Multiphysics. By comparing model simulations with experimental permeation curves, values of ...

Three-Dimensional Simulation of Signal Generation in Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

J. E. Toney[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center, Freeport, Pennsylvania, USA

We demonstrate the use of Comsol Multiphysics with Matlab to model signal generation in wide-bandgap semiconductor radiation detectors. A quasi-hemispherical detector design is compared with a simple, planar detector. Results show that the quasi-hemispherical design can simply and effectively compensate for the poor hole transport of most compound semiconductor materials.

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