Towards a Model for Simulating Driving Rain on an Inclined Roof during Wind Gusts and Heavy Rain Intensity
A.W.M. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
The roof of a well known shopping place in Amsterdam collapsed during a storm with heavy rain showers in 2002. One of the main problems was the malfunction of the draining system. Another problem was that driving rain water apparently washed over edges that where designed to hold the water. This short paper presents the progress of using COMSOL to simulate the height of the water near the edges ...
Leiden, The Netherlands
A model for material damping is presented in terms of internal friction and in terms of a variation of stiffness. In the latter case the idea is that the stiffness increases if elastic energy is stored and decreases if elastic energy is released. In case of a single mass spring system “stiffness” refers to the stiffness of the spring; in case of a continues object &ldquo ...
S. Thomas, P.Y. Franck, and P. André
Department of Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Liège, Arlon, Belgium
This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity emitting device for building heating and cooling. The second part illustrates the numerical model developed to evaluate the device efficiency. Finally experimental test bench implementation and ...
A. Di Carlo, V. Sansalone, A. Tatone, and V. Varano
Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy
We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...
Two-Dimensional Modelling of a Non-Isothermal PrOx Reactor with Water Cooling for Fuel Cell Applications
H. Beyer, B. Schönbrod, C. Siegel, M. Steffen, and A. Heinzel
Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
Institut für Energie und Umweltverfahrenstechnik, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
This work treats of a preferential oxidation reactor, which is simulated by a two-dimensional axial symmetric model. The reactor serves as purification of hydrocarbon reformat and converts the CO mole fraction from up to 1 % in the feed gas down to a few ppm at the outlet to deliver a hydrogen rich feed gas for a PEM fuel cell. The model combined chemical kinetic expressions, which were ...
F. Lugli and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A small particle or a nano-sized object placed in a liquid is subject to random collisions with solvent molecules. The resulting erratic movement of the object is known as Brownian motion, which, in nature, cannot be used to any practical advantage both in natural systems (such as biomolecular motors) or by artificial devices. If energy is supplied by external source or by chemical reactions, ...
R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...
Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)
M. Coccia, E. Carminati, F. Rolandone, M. Battaglia, D. Zuliani, and P. Fabris
Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy
We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...
N. Diaz, A. Jakob, L. Van Loon, and D. Grolimund
Paul Sherrer Institut NES/LES, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
Paul Sherrer Institut NES/SLS, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
Opalinus clay is currently being proposed as a potential host rock for radioactive waste repository in deep geological formation. It is then important for performance assessments to understand the transport properties of such rocks. Clay materials are characterized by low hydraulic conductivities and diffusion is assumed to be the main transport mechanism. The studied rock is a complex assembly ...