Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Heat Transfer Modeling of Steam Methane Reforming

E. Carcadea[1], M. Varlam[1], I. Stefanescu[1]
[1]National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania

Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...

A Parametric Study on the Dynamic Behavior of Cable Supported Bridges Under Moving Loads Affected by Accidental Failure Mechanisms

P. Lonetti[1], A. Pascuzzo[1], R. Sarubbo[1]
[1]Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, Cosenza, Italy

The dynamic behavior of cable supported bridges subjected to moving loads and affected by corrosion and accidental failure mechanism in the cable suspension system is investigated. The different types of cable supported bridges are distinctively characterized by the configuration of the cable system [1]. The suspension system comprises a parabolic main cable and vertical hanger cables connecting ...

Exergy Analysis of a Water Heat Storage Tank

F. Dammel[1], J. Winterling[1], K. J. Langeheinecke[2], P. Stephan[3]
[1]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
[2]IAV, Gifhorn, Germany
[3]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics/Center of Smart Interfaces, Technische Universität, Darmstadt, Germany

A combined heat and power (CHP) plant generates both electricity and useful heat. A heat storage tank enables a decoupling of electricity and heat delivery. In this study a cylindrical hot water storage tank is considered. Charging, holding time and discharging are numerically simulated applying COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2. The performance of the heat storage is evaluated by an exergy analysis. ...

Ampacity Simulation of a High Voltage Cable Used in Offshore Wind Farms

E. Pelster[1]
[1]Wenger Engineering, Ulm, Germany

The ampacity of a cable depends on the cross section of its conductor. When selecting a cable design for a specific application it is of interest to choose the lowest possible conductor cross section in order to reduce material costs. Therefore an exact calculation of the ampacity is necessary (it is usually limited by the thermal resistance of the insulating cable materials). Commonly the ...

Simulation and Design of an Oven for PET Blow Molding Machines

M. Mor[1], C. Seneci[1], V. Zacché[1], C. Remino[1], G. Petrogalli[1], D. Fausti[1]
[1]Polibrixia, Brescia, Italy

This paper presents the study and design of a new generation oven for PET blow-molding machines. The design faced several technical challenges such as: the temperature distribution in the critical areas, the sharp curvature radius, the high PET thermal inertia and the presence of boundary elements, which affected the overall performances. The work included an analysis of the preform material and ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...

Modeling of the Photo-Mechanical Response of Liquid-Crystal Elastomers

G. Cerretti[1], J.-C. Gomez-Lavocat[1][2], K. Vynck[1], D.S. Wiersma[1][3]
[1]European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), University of Florence, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
[2]The Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO), Mediterranean Technology Park, Castelldefels, Spain
[3]Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), National Research Council (CNR), Florence, Italy

Liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs) [1] have attracted a great attention in recent years due to their high potential in a wide range of applications, from microfluidics components [2] to artificial muscles [3]. The photo-mechanical response of LCEs is due to their constitutive photo-sensitive molecules, which change shape when absorbing part of the incident light. These microscopic deformations can ...

Fracture-Matrix Flow Partitioning and Cross Flow: Numerical Modeling of Laboratory Fractured Core Flood

R. Sanaee[1], G.F. Oluyemi[1], M. Hossain[1], B.M. Oyeneyin[1]
[1]Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

The contrast between hydro-mechanical behavior of the rock matrix and fracture network systems results in flow partitioning between fracture and matrix systems which is affected by the In-situ stress regime. Fracture flow, Darcy law and free and porous media flow physics interfaces of COMSOL were used in simulating a fractured core flooding test to achieve a better understanding of flow ...

Computational Modeling and Simulation of the Human Duodenum

B. Hari[1], S. Bakalis[1], P. Fryer[1]
[1]The University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Worldwide attention in the computational modeling and simulation of the human intestine is increasing in order to help understand its complex behavior and improve health. Computational fluid dynamics is an essential tool to understand the mechanics and transport phenomena of the human intestine, thereby advancing the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal related diseases. The aim of this ...

Pore-Scale Simulation of Two-Phase Flow with Heat Transfer Through Dual-Permeability Porous Medium

H.A. Akhlaghi Amiri[1], A.A. Hamouda[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway

This paper addresses one of the major challenges in water-flooded oil reservoirs, which is early water breakthrough due to the presence of high permeable layers in the media. COMSOL Multiphysics is used to model two phase (water and oil) flow in dual-permeability porous medium at micro-scales. The heat transfer module is coupled with the laminar two-phase flow interface, because temperature ...

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