L. Martinelli, and A. Lamberti
Universita di Bologna, Italy
Objective of this contribution is to show how to implement the Mild Slope Equations with COMSOL Multiphysics. These equations are commonly used to study the propagation of waves in harbors. Some interesting features are presented, namely the use of weak terms (used for the modelling of the source term); the evaluation of a smooth phase gradient from the complex dependent variable; a robust ...
Beam Structure As an Acoustic Wave Sensor: A Study of the Effect of Sensor Design on Its Sensitivity to Noise
F. Akasheh, A. Biddle, W.S. Shepard Jr., and B.B.B. Zhang
Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, USA
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
The detection and identification of the location of a sound source is commonly done using arrays of microphones. A recent new alternative approach has been proposed which involves the use of continuous structures, such as beams or plates, as acoustic wave sensors. The sound wave impinging on the surface of the structure causes it to vibrate and the measured surface displacements can then be used ...
C. Yang, M. A. Torres-Arredondo, and C.-P. Fritzen
Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering
University of Siegen
Impact monitoring has been extensively studied by several researchers and it has been shown that damage extent can be correlated with the impact magnitude. In order to make the process cost-effective, simulation of the impact has been performed, to get the big training data set from modeling. The structural dynamic responses captured by PZT transducers due to impact events are recorded from ...
J. McKenna, M. McKenna, S. Yushanov, J. Crompton, and K. Koppenhoefer
U.S. Army Engineering Research and Development Center
ACES of Columbus, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
The propagation of shear (S) and compression (P) waves within the earth allows geologists to track seismic events and to identify subterranean structure. This work shows the strong effect of including the variation of wave speed through the top thirty meters of the earth. By including this variation in material properties, the wave arrival time and frequency content agree with experimental ...
R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited
Ultrasonic acoustic waves usually encounter interfaces with significant impedance mismatch in practical medical or industrial imaging applications. A transparent interface can help to improve the performance of medical and industrial imaging and overall innovative applications. Similarly, a broadband total reflection interface can help to improve the architectural or transportation barrier ...
Using COMSOL to Support a Cost-Effective, Non-Destructive Evaluation Approach for Predicting Bolt Failure in Highway Bridges
A. Elyea, B. Doubek, G. Hubbard, and D. Ozevin
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Illinois at Chicago
The development of a quantitative nondestructive evaluation method, as an alternative to visual inspection, for inspecting pre-tensioned bolts in fracture critical bridges is presented. In order to understand the ultrasonic behavior of a wide variety of bolt geometries used in bridges, numerical models of nine different bolt geometries were developed. The numerical models included the ...
Tohoku Institute of Technology
This paper is in Japanese.
H. Lissek, R. Boulandet, and M. Maugard
Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne
An \"electroacoustic absorber\" is a loudspeaker, used as an absorber of sound, which acoustic impedance can be varied by electrical means. This can be achieved either by plugging passive shunt electric networks at the loudspeaker terminals (“shunt loudspeakers”) or by feeding back the loudspeaker with a voltage proportional to acoustic quantities, such as sound pressure and diaphragm normal ...
P. Olsson, F. Larsson, A. Khlopotin, S. Razanica
Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
In solid mechanics, there is considerable interest in achieving “invisibility”. The applications in mechanics include protection of structures and parts of structures from potentially harmful transient waves and steady state vibrations. A suggested large scale application is that protection against seismic waves from earthquakes could be achieved by using cloaking to re-route the waves around ...
L.B.M. Silva, E.J.P. Santos
Laboratory for Devices and Nanostructures, Electronics and Systems Department, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brasil
Transducer optimization is a key aspect for successful development and deployment of advanced sensors, especially when designing 3D structures for harsh environments. For piezoelectric transducers, plate thickness determines the operating frequency of the resonator, which is frequently tuned in the shear thickness vibration mode. Quartz has been the material of choice for the fabrication of bulk ...