Influence of Non-Newtonian Blood Viscosity on Wall Pressure in Right Coronary Arteries with Serial Stenoses
B. Liu 
 Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA
Three dimensional mathematical models are developed to simulate the blood flows in patient specific right coronary arteries with two stenoses. Simulations are carried out with various flow parameters under physiological conditions. Both Newtonian and non-Newtonian blood viscosity models are applied in the simulations to examine the influence of non-Newtonian viscosity of blood on the wall ...
S. Curet, M. Mazen Hamoud-Agha
GEPEA, UMR 6144, CNRS, ONIRIS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France
In this study, COMSOL®4.2a is used to model a microwave heating process in a TE10 rectangular waveguide. The sample consists of a small cylindrical Ca-alginate gel (D = 8 mm, H = 10 mm) inoculated with bacteria Escherichia Coli K12. The sample is placed along the microwave propagation direction into the waveguide. Maxwell’s equations and heat transfer are coupled to a microbial inactivation ...
An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging
G.R. Cook, M.J. Graves, F.J. Robb, D.J. Lomas
Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA
MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...
K. Gladine , J. Soons , J. Dirckx 
 University of Antwerp, Belgium
The ear doesn’t solely listen but it also speaks. Sounds formed in the inner ear which are measurable in the outer ear are called Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Some claim these are produced by the outer hair cells (OHCs), the amplifiers in the inner ear. Our hypothesis is that the OHCs only amplify distortion products (DPs) but do not produce them.
S. Sridhar , T. J. Akl ,
 Analog Devices Inc., Wilmington, MA, USA
Electrodermal Activity (EDA) is a measure of changes in the conductivity of the skin. It has have been found to be indicative of the individual’s autonomic nervous activity which is correlated to their stress and emotional state. These conductivity changes are tracked by injecting a small electric current directly into the skin and measuring the induced voltage drop over time. With increase in ...
J. S. Crompton , J. Thomas , K. Koppenhoefer ,
 AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
Necrosis of human tissue can typically be obtained by exposure to temperatures below 40°C or above +50°C. However, inherent variability in tissue properties, the complexity of tissue response and dissipation of thermal energy by local perfusion or blood flow can make the development of routine, predictable in-vivo approaches to produce necrosis difficult. Although a number of thermal ablation ...
B.A. Wols[1,2], J.A.M.H. Hofman[1,2], W.S.J. Uijttewaal, and J.C. van Dijk
KWR Watercycle Research Institute, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Delft University of Technology, Niewegein, The Netherlands
Disinfection of drinking water is required to prevent the outbreak of water-borne diseases. Different treatment steps are available to disinfect the water, such as chlorination, ozonation or UV irradiation. The hydrodynamics of these processes play an important role in their performance. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to simulate the water flow in disinfection installations. Moreover, a particle ...
Simulation of a Magnetic Induction Method for Determining Passive Electrical Property Changes of Human Trunk Due to Vital Activities
H. Mahdavi, J. Rosell Ferrer
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
The human body consists of many different types of tissues each with specific passive electrical properties. Vital activities lead to a characteristic change of these properties and geometrical changes. Magnetic induction is a non-contact method which can be used to determine these changes. The method is based on the creation of a primary magnetic field that will produce eddy currents in the ...
A. Zare , E. Cutler , H. Cho ,
 Center for Biomedical Engineering & Science, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA
INTRODUCTION: Researchers in the biomedical field have recently become interested in the potential applications of plasomics. Surface plasmon resonance based on optical properties of metallic nanostructures can be used for detection of special biological targets. Gold nanostructures with different shapes and sizes have been designed to achieve high enhancement factor (EF), wide range of ...
A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, and fluid shear has been shown to mediate biological effects on that cell type. We use COMSOL Multiphysics ...