B. Srinivasan, J. Hickman, M. Shuler
University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A micropump delivers fluid between different components of a microfluidic device in a controlled manner. The elimination of micropump can reduce the design complexity, simplify fabrication, shrink the device footprint and decrease the set-up time required for the operation of the microfluidic device. One such pumpless microfluidic device for body-on-a-chip application for drug toxicity studies ...
朱铧丞 , 张春 , 叶菁华 ,
微波作为信息和能量的载体具有同等重要的应用价值，利用微波对物质产生的物理化学效应进行能量传递及转换已经在化学领域有了积极的应用。从 1986 年 R.N. Gedye 等人首次使用微波促进化学反应使其反应速率提高 1240 倍以来，有越来越多的微波和化学领域的科学家对相关问题进行了研究，并出现了一门新兴学科“微波化学”。微波化学作为研究微波能的一个方面是研究微波与化学反应体系相互作用的一个新兴学科。由于当前人们对微波加快化学反应的研究还非常肤浅，微波在大规模应用中并未发挥出其应有的巨大优势，微波化学进一步发展面临着巨大的挑战和机遇。目前微波化学的研究可以分为宏观和微观两个层面：（1）在宏观层面人们并不关心微波对分子之间行为的影响，其研究要用多物理场数值计算方法获得反应体系中电磁场、温度等物理量的分布和变化；（2）微观层面的研究，重点关注微波对反应分子之间相互作用的影响 ...
B. Suryawansi , B. Mohanty ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India.
In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to solve a mass transfer based mathematical model (Stastova et al., 1996) which is a modified form of Sovova H.,1994 model. The modification has been brought about by introducing the term ‘Grinding efficiency’ in the model and the results of the this model has been compared with the theoretical results obtained by Duba and Fiori, 2015 ...
S. Mackintosh, J. Rodgers, S.P. Blythe
Lifescan Scotland, Inverness, Scotland
This paper describes the modeling of a blood glucose sensor using COMSOL Multiphysics. Chemical species interaction and diffusion, coupled with electrochemical oxidation of multiple blood species produced a powerful working model used in developing and refining a range of blood glucose sensors for the commercial market.
Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry
D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen, B. Bakker, R. van den Ham
Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
S. Denys, S. Verbruggen, S. Lenaerts
Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light . A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
P.K. Sahoo, K.G. Ayappa, M. John, B.L. Newalkar, and N.V. Choudary
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka
Corporate R&D Centre, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Greater Noida, India
Recently adsorptive storage has been identified as the most promising low-pressure (3.5 - 4.0 MPa) alternative for storing natural gas for vehicular use. However in order to successfully implement this technology, the filling and discharge characteristics of the adsorbent bed must be well understood. Significant temperature changes that occur during adsorption and desorption retard the system ...
J. Parikh, A. Kapela, N. Tsoukias
Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...