S. Denys, S. Verbruggen, S. Lenaerts
Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light . A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...
E. Salomatova, D. Trushnikov, V. Belenkiy, V. Tsaplin
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia
In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...
M. Giansetti, A. Pezzin, S. Sicardi, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
The Life+ GreenWoolF project is aimed at demonstrating that green hydrolysis with superheated water is an effective way to convert wool wastes into organic nitrogen fertilizers. The core of the process is represented by the reaction tank (Figure 1) in which the hydrolyses reaction takes place. The temperature of the material during the reaction is one of the most influencing parameter and has to ...
E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...
J. M. Dedulle , K. Ariyawong , D. Chaussende 
 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
 CNRS, Grenoble, France
Silicon carbide (SiC) single crystals are industrially produced by the physical vapor transport technique. Apart from the geometry of the growth setup, there are two main process parameters that can be controlled: temperature and pressure. To support the development of the process, numerical simulation has imposed as the only tool able to describe the process itself, providing a good evaluation ...
C. Soares , F. A. Cassini , N. Padoin ,
 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil
Plasma reactors can be applied to the conversion of waste, biomass and fuels to synthesis gas (mixture of hydrogen and carbon dioxide) with efficiencies as higher as 90-95% and low energy demand, depending on the design optimization. In this work, a multi-step approach was applied to the investigation of the main physics involved in a rotating gliding arc (RGA) discharge reactor. COMSOL ...
M. Yang, A. Young, and B. Crittenden
Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...
M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb, and F. Schönfeld
Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...
A.H. Ito, O.T. Kaminata , S.R. Lautenschlager
State University of Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
The hydraulic flocculates are employed in water treatment plants (WTPs), but may present problems during the mixing stage reducing the efficiency of treatment. In this context modeling of a hydraulic flocculate using COMSOL and a 1:10 scale model of the Maringá-PR Brazil city WTP flocculate was done. The WTP flocculate is shown in figure 1 and the model illustrating the acrylic flocculate ...
Finite Element Analysis of Induced Electroosmotic Flow in Brain Tissue and Application to ex vivo Determination of Enzyme Activity
Y. Ou, A. Rupert, M. Sandberg, S. Weber
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Ectopeptidases are commonly accepted to be a means of clearing active peptides. However, studies have shown that they can also regulate peptide activity. We have developed a technique of electrokinetic push-pull perfusion (Ek-PPP, Figure 1) to examine this largely unexplored mechanism of modulation of peptide function. We push the neuropeptide galanin through organotypic hippocampal slice ...