H. Rana ,
 Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...
M. Dossi , M. Brennan , M. Moesen ,
 Huntsman Polyurethanes, Everberg, Belgium
Flexible and semi-rigid polyurethane foams are widely used as noise and vibration damping materials. Their porous random microstructure is composed of a visco-elastic frame structure with an interstitial fluid, normally air, filling the voids. The viscoelasticity of the foams is due to the polymer morphology in the foam skeleton structure, which can be adapted depending on application ...
T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...
P. Baias, E. Pelster, D. Wenger
Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Thin glass sheets have nowadays a lot of commercial applications. An optimal functionality of the production of such glass sheets depends on the flow control of the molten glass. The uniform distribution of the molten glass to sheets of exact thickness and width depends on the geometry of the production device. The geometry must be based on fluid dynamics to control the process. A ...
D. Lahaye, L. Cheng
DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. ...
E. Luz, D. M. P. Cunha, V. H. C. Lemos
Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA, Belém, PA, Brasil; Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
Centro de Instrução Almirante Braz de Aguiar - CIABA, Belém, PA, Brasil
The phenomenon of cavitation can severely affect the working of valves used to control liquid flow. Cavitation occurs when the pressure is reduced and the water evaporates, forming bubbles. When bubbles pass into an area of higher pressure, they condense and collapse, releasing a large amount of energy able to removing the surface layers of the material. In this work, we model the effects of ...
J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands
One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...
Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA
Developers of numerical models who address the title problem face several hurdles, such as: (1), the need to formulate boundary conditions applicable in an unbounded region; (2), The need to specify conditions suitable to ensure a unique solution in a doubly connected region; and (3), The need to allow the interior boundary to have a sharp edge, such as a cusp. The aim of the work reported ...
A. Prasad , O. K. Sacks , R. C. Thiagarajan ,
 ATOA Scientific Technologies, Bengaluru, India
This paper deals with the numerical experiments for early prediction of muffler performance at the design stage. In this experiment a Reactive Muffler is developed and validated numerically compared to traditional built and test process.
W. Chalgham , A. C. Seibi , M. Mokhtari ,
 University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA
One of the limitations of pipelines performance and structural integrity assessment is the continuous inspection of possible leaks due to corrosion or other types of failure mechanisms. Efforts to develop new technologies started several decades ago where different inspection techniques were used to enhance pipelines structural integrity. However, although available technologies present some ...