Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Flow Analysis and Optimization of a Hierarchical Plate Heat Exchanger for an Adsorption Heat Pump

E. Tempfli[1], F.P. Schmidt[1]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Fluid Machinery (FSM), Karlsruhe, Germany

The paper investigates the hydrodynamic performance of a hierarchical parallel channel network for the objective of optimal thermal coupling to heat released in the adsorption processes, as in adsorption heat pumps. More specifically, the uniformity of the fluid flow over the network is improved by optimizing the topology of the manifold channels of the two hierarchical levels. For this purpose ...

AC Electroosmosis and Dielectrophoresis for Trapping Spherical Particles between Rectangular and Triangular Electrodes

S. Narayan[1], H. Francis[1], S. Ghonge[1], D.N. Prasad[1], A. Sethi[1], S. Banerjee[1], S. Kapur[2]
[1]Department of Physics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
[2]Department of Biological Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

We describe methods and results of simulations done for predicting behavior of particles in an aqueous solution under an applied AC electric field on electrodes of rectangular and triangular shapes. Here the two major effects which come into play are Dielectrophoresis and AC Electroosmosis. Two simulations have been presented, one for rectangular and one for triangular shaped electrodes. We have ...

A CFD Analysis of the Operating Conditions of a Multitube Pd Membrane for H2 Purification - new

B. Castro-Dominguez[1], R. Ma[1], A. G. Dixon[1], Y. H. Ma[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...

Enhanced Transient Modeling of Hybrid Photovoltaic Air (PVT) Module - new

R. Kiflemariam[1], M. Almaz[1], F. Zevallos[1], C. Lin[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...

Multiphysics: Fluid Mixing and Brine Pool Formation for Economic Geology Applications - new

C. Schardt[1]
[1]University of Minnesota-Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

Significant submarine mineral deposits form when hot, metal-laden, saline fluids emerge onto the seafloor and mix with ambient seawater. Resulting density changes of fluid mixtures can trigger fluid buoyancy reversals, brine pool formation, and metal accumulation (Figure 1). While some of these processes are known from experiments, the inception, development, and physical-chemical processes ...

Modeling of Expanding Metal Foams - new

B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno[3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...

Kinetic Parameters for Gas Phase Photocatalysis: Analytic Versus CFD Approach - new

S. Denys[1], S. Verbruggen[1], S. Lenaerts[1]
[1]Sustainable Energy and Air Purification, Department of Bioscience Engineering, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Introduction Among the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for removal of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from air, photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) is considered a very promising technology [1,2]. PCO can achieve mineralization of harmful VOCs to CO2 and H2O using only UV light [3]. A main challenge is to find appropriate kinetic models and parameters that accurately describe the rate of ...

Virtual Modeling of Thermo-Physiological Comfort in Clothing

P. Van Ransbeeck [1], R. Benoot [1], B. Van Der Smissen [1]
[1] University College Ghent, Faculty of Science and Nature, Department of Mechatronics, Belgium

This publication aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer around a clothed virtual manikin. This research can be performed at different scales: (1) at material scale where a piece of textile is investigated in 1D or 2D space or (2) at system level where a clothed cylindrical body (2D) or a complete manikin (3D) is modeled. The work is based on previous methods and results from ...

Aerothermal Simulation of a Refrigerated Truck Under Open/Closed-Door Cycles

P. Namy [1], A. Oury [1], M. Youbi-Idrissi [2],
[1] SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
[2] AIR LIQUIDE, Jouy en Josas, France

Heat transfer inside a refrigerated truck is a key phenomenon that governs the temperature inside the truck and the regulation of the cooling system. Up to now, a lot of experimental studies ([Tso et al., 02]) have been carried out to assess the effect of opening the door and to minimize the external heat transfer with fan air curtain. Together with AIR LIQUIDE, the world leader in gases, ...

Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation

A. Datta[1], and A. Halder[1]
[1]Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...