F. Pulvirenti[1,2], M. Aloisi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia sezione di Catania
Università di Catania
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. According to the deep-seated spreading model, both the volcanic edifice and its uppermost basement are spreading eastwards because of magma inflation processes related to a dike complex located at a depth between the summit craters and the Valle del ...
D. Rizzello, P. Canepa, E. Armadillo
DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy
Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...
Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new
K. Strehlow, J. Gottsmann, A. Rust
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...
E. Carminati and P. Petricca
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Using 2D viscoelastic plane strain models we investigate the dependency of the stress field of slabs on geometry and kinematics of subduction zones (relative velocity of interacting plates and their absolute velocity with respect to the mantle). We conclude that the concentration of Von Mises stress is controlled by the geometry (curvature) of the slab and that downdip compression in subducting ...
E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.
D-S. Jeng, X. Luo, and J. Zhang
Division of Civil Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK
In this paper, an integrated model for ocean waves propagating over a submerged coastal structure, based on COMSOL Multiphysics, is presented. In the model, Navier-Stoke Equation is solved for the wave propagation and Biot’s poro-elastic model is solved for the porous seabed. The new feature of this model is to integrate both wave and soil models into one model. This can be achieved within ...
The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle
A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...
M. Ding, J. Lin
MIT/WHOI Joint Program in Oceanography, Cambridge, MA, USA
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
We used COMSOL Multiphysics 4.3 to simulate the 2D elastoplastic deformation and plastic strain in a wedge-shaped plate above a subducting interface. The modeling results reveal that a pair of conjugate normal faults would first appear in the thinner part of the plate. Subsequently, a second pair of conjugate thrust faults would form in the thicker part of the plate. The duration of the seamount ...
R. Haemers, F. Broekkamp, H. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
The hills of South-Limburg, the Netherlands, are crisscrossed with underground limestone mines. These "caves" are not equally stable, and can be dangerous. With COMSOL Multiphysics® a stability assessment has been made. The first study examines the full stress and displacement profile without excavation. In a second study the domains of the corridors are excluded, to represent the excavation ...
L. Meacci, A. Farina, F. Rosso, I. Borsi, M. Ceseri, and A. Speranza
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface ...