Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Seawater Intrusion

Bird, J., Bonneton, A., Brouat, V., Panfilova, I.
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Géologie, Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine

Seawater intrusion is a significant practical problem for coastal regions, which requires human efforts directed to prevent the degradation of freshwater aquifers. In the present paper we examined the homogeneous confined aquifer in terms of a 2D model which represents a vertical cross-section perpendicular to the sea coast. Several numerical simulations were performed in order to determine the ...

Modeling Soil Water Dynamics with Time-Variable Soil Hydraulic Properties

A. Schwen[1], G. Bodner[2], A. Schnepf[3], D. Leitner[3], G. Kammerer[1], and W. Loiskandl[1]

[1]Institute of Hydraulics and Rural Water Management, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria
[2]Institute of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria
[3]Institute of Soil Science, Univ. Natural Resour. Appl. Life Sci., BOKU, Wien, Austria

Modeling soil water dynamics requires an accurate description of soil hydraulic properties, i.e. the retention and hydraulic conductivity functions. Generally, these functions are assumed to be unchanged over time in most simulation studies. In this paper, we implemented temporal changes in the soil hydraulic properties in a Richards’ equation simulation of soil water dynamics. Based on ...

The Effect of the Disintegration of Chemical Stratification on the Time-dependent Behavior of the Earth’s Mantle

A. Galsa, and M. Herein
Eötvös University
Budapest, Hungary

Based on recent results from seismology, geochemistry etc. the distinct chemical character of the D’’ layer (lowest part of the mantle around the Earth’s core) has appeared unequivocally. Numerical calculations have been carried out to investigate the effect of the disintegration, mixing and homogenization of the dense D’’ on the time-dependent behavior of mantle convection. A ...

A Coulomb Stress Model to Simulate Induced Seismicity Due to Fluid Injection and Withdrawal in Deep Boreholes

G. Perillo[1], G. De Natale[2], C. Troise[2], A. Troiano[2], M.G. Di Giuseppe[2], A. Tramelli[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2]INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Fluid injection and withdrawal in deep wells is a basic procedure in mining activities and deep resources exploitation, i.e. oil and gas extraction, geothermal exploitation, geothermal permeability enhancement and waste ?uid disposal. All these activities have the potential to induce seismicity, as dramatically demonstrated by the 2006 Basilea earthquake of magnitude ML=3.4. The mechanism of ...

Building a Complex Geological Model Using Parametric Surfaces

S. Hoyer[1], M. Bottig[1], F. Zekiri[1], G. Götzl[1], A.K. Brüstle[1], G. Schubert[1], A. Nador[2]
[1]Geological survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria
[2]Geological Institute of Hungary, Budapest, Hungary

Temperature measurements of the subsurface are available due to hydrocarbon exploration in the project area, where the average drilling depth is about 2-4 km and the deepest well reaches about 8.5 km. Since the data is heavily uneven distributed, standard interpolation techniques did not deliver satisfying results. This is why numerical modeling was applied to assess the thermal regime of the ...

2-Dimensional Incompressible and Compressible Mantle Convection - new

Changyeol Lee[1]
[1]Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea

COMSOL Multiphysics® software has been used in computational geodynamics for years. Because very high pressure in the mantle even significantly compressed the mantle up to ~40%, it is crucial to consider the mantle compressibility in computational geodynamics. COMSOL Multiphysics allows consideration of mantle compressibility using the CFD Module and I benchmarked COMSOL Multiphysics using ...

3-D Multiphysics Modeling of a Producing Hydrocarbon Field

McKenna, J.R.1, Blackwell, D.D.2
1 U.S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Geotechnical & Structures Laboratory, Vicksburg, Mississippi
2 Department of Geological Sciences, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas

Thermal anomalies indicating elevated temperatures often are present in producing hydrocarbon fields. This paper discusses precision temperature logs obtained over a salt dome in the Bayou Bleu hydrocarbon field in southwest Lousiana, and presents a 3-D thermal-fluid model of the dome constrained by these types of logs. The numerical model in which both an enhanced thermal conductivity ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Using COMSOL for the Transport Modelling of Some Special Cases in a Bentonite Buffer in a Final Repository for Spent Nuclear Fuel

M. Olin[1], V-M. Pulkkanen[1], A. Seppälä[1], T. Saario[1], A. Itälä[1], M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö[1], and M. Liukkonen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

The bentonite barrier is an essential part of a safe spent fuel repository in granitic bedrock. In this work COMSOL Multiphysics® is used in modelling the Thermal (T), Hydrological (H), Mechanical (M) and Chemical (C) phenomena and processes taking place in a bentonite buffer. Special interest lies in systems in which the density of bentonite or bentonite pore water varies. Typically, variation ...

Modelling AVO signals from laboratory acoustics and seismic (MASLAS)

R. Limacher, R. McHugh, and R. Westerman
Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland

The Amplitude vs. Offset (AVO) technique infers the elastic properties of geological targets from pre-stack seismic data. AVO analysis significantly reduces the drilling risks for oil and gas exploration and development, particularly in the Gulf of Mexico. One strand of the current, EC-funded ADEMA Project is to evaluate AVO in coal-bearing strata. The target application areas are long-wall ...

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