Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Using COMSOL for the Transport Modelling of Some Special Cases in a Bentonite Buffer in a Final Repository for Spent Nuclear Fuel

M. Olin[1], V-M. Pulkkanen[1], A. Seppälä[1], T. Saario[1], A. Itälä[1], M. Tanhua-Tyrkkö[1], and M. Liukkonen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

The bentonite barrier is an essential part of a safe spent fuel repository in granitic bedrock. In this work COMSOL Multiphysics® is used in modelling the Thermal (T), Hydrological (H), Mechanical (M) and Chemical (C) phenomena and processes taking place in a bentonite buffer. Special interest lies in systems in which the density of bentonite or bentonite pore water varies. Typically, variation ...

Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour

G. Della Vecchia[1], R. Cosentini[1], S. Foti[1], and G. Musso[1]

[1]DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible fluids have been performed in order to check the capability of electrical resistivity tomography to reconstruct ...

Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new

N. Aranzabal[1], J. Martos[1], J. Soret[1], J. Torres[1], R. García-Olcina[1], Á. Montero[2]
[1]Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.

Analysis of Multiphysics Problems Related to Energy Piles

E. Evgin[1], J.A.I. Sedano [1], Z. Fu[1]
[1]University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Energy piles transfer the mechanical loads from buildings to the ground and serve as heat exchangers. Temperature changes in the ground influence its moisture content. This paper examines the effect of soil moisture content on the shaft resistance of a pile. Tests were carried out in the laboratory to determine the mechanical properties of an interface corresponding to various soil moisture ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

Model of Sub-Surface Heat Rejection in Alternative Cooling Systems

E. Holzbecher [1], T. Manchester [2],
[1] German University of Technology in Oman (GUtech), Halban, Oman
[2] Univ. Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

A model is presented for heat rejection in the subsurface. Geometries of different dimension are coupled by linear and general extrusions. In that way it is possible to deal with multi-scale physical set-up. An example shows the high influence of groundwater flow.

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

Finite Element Models of Elasto-Plastic Deformation in Volcanic Areas

D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ...

Ability of Single-Well Injection-Withdrawal Experiments to Estimate Ground Water Velocity

F. Maier[1], K. Hebig[2], Y. Jin[1], and E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany

The authors present a closer look on the Single-Well Injection-Withdrawal Experiment (SWIW) or Push-Pull Experiments and its ability to determine the groundwater velocity, as one of the major parameters concerning reservoir management and underground reservoir characterization. The flow field is modeled using analytic and numerical solutions. Different modes like Darcy-law, solute-transport and ...