Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Coupled Gas Flow and Thermal and Reactive Transport in Porous Media for Simulating Waste Stabilization Phenomena in Semi-Aerobic Landfill

H. Ishimori, K. Endo, T. Ishigaki, H. Sakanakura, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies
Tsukuba, Ibaraki

Semi-aerobic landfill has interesting structure that passively provides the atmospheric oxygen into landfilled waste due to the heat convection generated by the decomposition of landfilled waste. There are limited studies on the mechanisms of the oxygen transport. This paper presents the governing equations and parameter estimation methods for the numerical simulation of the gas fluid flow and ...

Non Linear Mechanical and Poromechanical Analyses: Comparison with Analytical Solutions

M. Souley, and A. Thoraval
Ecole des Mines
Parc de Saurupt, France

The long-term behaviour of the underground excavations is a social and economic challenge particularly in the contexts of post-mining or radioactive waste storage. Numerical modelings are currently used to understand and forecast the complex behaviour of rock mass around the underground cavities. In order to accurately perform these multiphysics modelings at high space and time scales, it is ...

Magnetotelluric Response Distortion Over Rugged Topography

D. Rizzello[1], P. Canepa[1], E. Armadillo[1]
[1]DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...

Numerical Evidence of Unrest-Related Electromagnetic Effects in the Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy

G. Perillo [1], G. De Natale [2], M. G. Di Giuseppe [2], A. Troiano [2], C. Troise [2],
[1] University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2] INGV – Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Electric, magnetic and electromagnetic (em) methods are widely used to monitor active volcanoes. A review of such applications is presented in Johnston (cit). Em signals were recorded in correspondence of numerous volcanic eruptions, for example in the case of the Mt. Unzen in Giapppone, of Merapi in Indonesia, Etna in Italy and during rapid deformation in Long Valley in California. ...

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Analysis of Multiphysics Problems Related to Energy Piles

E. Evgin[1], J.A.I. Sedano [1], Z. Fu[1]
[1]University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Energy piles transfer the mechanical loads from buildings to the ground and serve as heat exchangers. Temperature changes in the ground influence its moisture content. This paper examines the effect of soil moisture content on the shaft resistance of a pile. Tests were carried out in the laboratory to determine the mechanical properties of an interface corresponding to various soil moisture ...

Permeability in Fragmented Materials and its Application to Underground Mining

S. Palma [1], R. Castro [1], A. Hekmat [1],
[1] Mining Engineering Department, Block Caving Laboratory, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile

The block caving mine is considered by the mining industry as one of the natural replacements of the current open cut mines in the near future. The block caving technique is based on the extraction of small broken rocks, created by blasted initially large solid rocks, and the fracture of compact material located in the upper layers because the stress propagation generated by the extraction ...

Constraints on Ocean Floor Permeability from Hydrothermal Modelling - new

S. Titarenko[1], A. McCaig[1]
[1]School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

The Atlantis massif is a domal submarine seamount close to the mid-Atlantic Ridge at 30 °N. Close to the crest of the Massif, the Lost City hydrothermal field (LCHF) has been active for at least 120,000 years, venting fluids with a temperature of 40-90 °C. 5 km north of Lost City, a temperature profile has been measured in IODP Hole 1309D, with a near-conductive thermal gradient of ~100 °C/km ...

Building a Robust Numerical Model for Mass Transport Through Complex Porous Media

J. Perko[1], D. Mallants[1], E. Vermariën[2], and W. Cool[2]
[1]Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Mol, Belgium
[2]Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material (ONDRAF/NIRAS), Mol, Belgium

Mass transport modelling through porous media is typically characterized by complex physics and geometry. In the particular case of radionuclide transport, modelling for radioactive waste repositories, an additional level of complexity, and thus uncertainty, originates from the long time frames involved. Performing a safety analysis of a radioactive waste disposal system requires therefore ...

A 3D Thermal Model for Lunar Surface Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software: Validation and Results

K. Durga Prasad [1], S.V.S. Murty [1], V. K. Rai [1],
[1] Planetary Sciences Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

A comprehensive three dimensional finite element thermal model has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software to understand the thermo-physical behaviour of the uppermost regolith layer of the moon. The model can simulate variable layers, layer thickness and dimensions and can account for complex geometry, different size, irregular meshing, parametric based variation in physics and ...