Modelling of Transport Phenomena and Effect of Applied Electrical Field on Heavy Metals Recovery during Application of the Electro-remediation Process
A. Mahmoud, and J. Beaugrand
Laboratoire de Thermique Energétique et Procédés, ENSGTI, Pau, France
A mathematical model for the simulation of contaminant such as heavy metals removal from soils by electric fields was performed in a 2-D geometry using COMSOL Multiphysics. Electrokinetic phenomena is the result of the coupling between hydraulic and electrical potential gradients in fine grained soils. The model describes the coupled transport of mass and charge of species subjected to an ...
E. Evgin, J.A.I. Sedano , Z. Fu
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Energy piles transfer the mechanical loads from buildings to the ground and serve as heat exchangers. Temperature changes in the ground influence its moisture content. This paper examines the effect of soil moisture content on the shaft resistance of a pile. Tests were carried out in the laboratory to determine the mechanical properties of an interface corresponding to various soil moisture ...
A. H. Ito, S. R. Lautenschlager, J. H. C. Reis, A. Belincanta
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil
The percolation of water into soil can be modeled considering Darcy's Law in laminar flow. In this manner the key property is the coefficient of hydraulic conductivity. Its determination can be made through laboratory or field testing. One of the most known field tests used for determination of this property is the Slug Test. This test consists of a perforated well in the ground where a known ...
D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ...
F. Pulvirenti[1,2], M. Aloisi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia sezione di Catania
Università di Catania
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. According to the deep-seated spreading model, both the volcanic edifice and its uppermost basement are spreading eastwards because of magma inflation processes related to a dike complex located at a depth between the summit craters and the Valle del ...
G. Galgana, P. McGovern, and E. Grosfils
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, Texas, USA
Pomona College, Claremont, California, USA
We present an implementation of the Structural Mechanics module of COMSOL Multiphysics to model the state of stress associated with the emplacement of large volcanic edifices on the surface of a planet. These finite element models capture two essential physical processes: (1) Elastic flexure of the lithosphere beneath the edifice load, and (2) Pressurization of a magma-filled chamber that serves ...
F. Maier, K. Hebig, Y. Jin, and E. Holzbecher
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The authors present a closer look on the Single-Well Injection-Withdrawal Experiment (SWIW) or Push-Pull Experiments and its ability to determine the groundwater velocity, as one of the major parameters concerning reservoir management and underground reservoir characterization. The flow field is modeled using analytic and numerical solutions. Different modes like Darcy-law, solute-transport and ...
J. Molinero, A. Nardi, P. Trinchero
Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain
Groundwater is a key factor affecting mine operations worldwide. On one hand, both underground and open pit mines need to pump out groundwater in order to proceed with mineral extraction and increase the stability of rock slopes. On the other hand, groundwater abstractions can produce undesired environmental and social impacts, which should be anticipated in the environmental impact assessments ...
S. Palma , R. Castro , A. Hekmat ,
 Mining Engineering Department, Block Caving Laboratory, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
The block caving mine is considered by the mining industry as one of the natural replacements of the current open cut mines in the near future. The block caving technique is based on the extraction of small broken rocks, created by blasted initially large solid rocks, and the fracture of compact material located in the upper layers because the stress propagation generated by the extraction ...
An Innovative Reactive Transport Modeling Approach for the Chemical Evolution of a HLW Cell in the Callovo-Oxfordian Formation
J. Molinero, D. García, M. Grivé, A. Nardi
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Andra (The French National Radioactive Waste Management Agency) envisages the safe disposal of High-Level Waste (HLW) and Intermediate-Level Long-Lived Waste (IL-LLW) in deep geological storage using a multi-barrier system. To ensure the containment of radioactivity, the principle of storage is based on a clay formation with low permeability, homogeneity and continuity (i.e Callovo-Oxfordian ...