Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Radiation Dose Response in Phantom for CT

H. Chen-Mayer[1], R.E. Tosh[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The radiation dose produced by an x-ray CT scanner to the patient is conventionally referenced to measurements performed by an ionization chamber in a phantom. On a fundamental level, the radiation absorbed dose, J/kg, can be determined directly by the temperature rise in the absorbing material. We model the temperature response in a high density polyethylene (HDPE) phantom. Use of ...

Simulation of Helmholtz Resonators for Optical Gas Sensing: Comparison Between Pressure Acoustics and Thermoacoustics - new

B. Parvitte[1], C. Risser[1], R. Vallon[1], V. Zéninari[1]
[1]Université de Reims, Reims, France

Among optical gas sensing methods, photoacoustic (PA) spectroscopy combined with a laser source has proven to be a very robust and sensitive method for trace gas detection. COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to calculate the frequency response of differential Helmholtz resonator cells in order to optimize the detection limit of PA sensors. Two different kind of simulation were performed: ...

Thermal and Electrostatic Analyses of One Dimensional CFC Diagnostic Calorimeter for SPIDER Beam Characterisation

M. De Muri[1][2], M. Dalla Palma[1], P. Veltri[1], A. Rizzolo[1], N. Pomaro[1], and G. Serianni[1]
[1]Consorzio RFX, Euratom-ENEA Association, Padova, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Elettrica, Padova University, Padova, Italy

The main purpose of SPIDER (Source for the Production of Ions of Deuterium Extracted from RF plasma) test facility is the investigation and optimization of a negative ion beam produced by the full size ion source for ITER NBIs (Neutral Beam Injectors). Thermal, transient, non-linear FE (Finite Element) analyses and also electrostatic analysis have been performed as a feasibility study, to ...

Negative Thermal Expansion Materials: Thermal Stress and Implications for Composite Materials

M.J. Jakubinek[1,2], C.A. Whitman[2,3], and M.A. White[1,2,3]
[1]Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
[3]Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

There is considerable interest in the possibility of combining NTE materials with normal (positive) thermal expansion materials, to reduce the potential of failure of a material or component due to thermal stress fracture. Finite element analysis (FEM) is used to explore the overall expansion and thermal stress in composites.

Finite Element Approach for Optimizing the Cooling of the Metallic Bipolar plates for Fuel Cell Applications

E. Firat[1,2], C. Siegel[1,2], L. Kühnemann[1,2], P. Beckhaus[1], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]Zentrum für Brennstoffzellentechnik (ZBT) GmbH, Duisburg, Germany
[2]University of Duisburg Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Metallic bipolar plates promise several advantages for fuel cell applications. On the other hand, cooling of these plates is a critical task regarding design optimization. The high thermal conductivity of the material and the complex geometry of these plates affect directly the cooling performance. To analyze this phenomenon, a 3D model is set-up and solved using a FEM (finite element method) ...

Numerical Simulation of a Building Envelope with High Performance Materials

M.H. Baghban[1], P. Jostein Hovde[1], and A. Gustavsen[2]
[1]Civil and Transport Engineering Department, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
[2]Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Simulation tools for building physics problems play an important role in design and understanding the behavior of energy efficient buildings. There are different tools available for simulation of these problems, but each simulation tool has its own advantages and limitations. In this paper, a heat transfer problem in an exterior building wall with high performance materials has been simulated in ...

COMSOL Simulations for Steady State Thermal Hydraulics Analyses of ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor

P.K. Jain[1], V.B. Khane[2], J.D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...

Multiphysics Modeling of a Metal Foam

B. Chinè [1][3], M. Monno[2]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
[3]Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica

Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing ...

Modeling and Analysis of a Direct Geothermal Heat Pump (DX): Part II-Modeling of Water-Refrigerant Exchanger

J. Fannou[1], C. Rouseau[1], L. Lamarche[1], S. Kajl[1]
[1]École de Technologie Supérieure, Montréal, Canada

In this section, we simulate the heat exchanger system in one dimension characterized by two coaxial tubes with ribbed inner tube using the equations of conservation of mass, conservation of momentum and energy. The COMSOL PDE interface is used to simulate the monophasic and biphasic flow of refrigerant R22 (Chlorodifluoromethane). Heat transfer in waterand inner wall of the exchanger are ...

Short-Term Behavior and Steady-State Value of BHE Thermal Resistance - new

S. Lazzari[1], A. Priarone[2],
[1]DIN, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
[2]DIME-TEC, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

The transient behavior of the thermal resistance of single and double U-tube borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) is investigated numerically by means of COMSOL Multiphysics® software with reference to the 2D cross section of usually employed BHEs. The study is performed in a dimensionless parametrical form, the parameters being the ratio between the thermal conductivities of grout and ground, the ...