H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...
National Centre for Advanced Tribology at Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
An incremental wear model has been developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® with MATLAB® to predict the evolution of component geometry as a result of wear. Whilst Archard’s wear law is a well-known empirical model for the prediction of wear volume, the design engineer is interested in changes in tolerance as a result of component geometry. At each time step, the simulation extracts the pressure ...
J. Chen, K. Pitchai, D. Jones, J. Subbiah
University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA
Introduction: Domestic microwave ovens are widely used to heat food products, because of rapid and convenient heating. Nonuniform heating is the biggest issue in microwave heating process, which also causes food quality and safety issues. Microwave heating models are promising tools to assist in developing food products that deliver uniform heating. Due to intensive heating, moisture evaporation ...
Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
Quebec City, QC
A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the COMSOL ...
Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®
M. Muñoz Rojo, J. Jose Romero, D. Ramos, D. Borca-Tasciuc, T. Borca-Tasciuc, M. Martín Gonzalez
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA
Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...
Extraction of Thermal Characteristics of Surrounding Geological Layers of a Geothermal Heat Exchanger by COMSOL Multiphysics® Simulations - new
N. Aranzabal, J. Martos, J. Soret, J. Torres, R. García-Olcina, Á. Montero
Technical School of Engineering, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Department of Applied Physics, Politechnical University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
It has been demonstrated that is possible obtain the thermal parameters of geological layers of a BHE (Borehole Heat Exchanger) by fitting temperature evolution in an observer pipe inserted into borehole.
National Central University
In this presentation we consider LED lighting. We begin the presentation by explaining the basics of LED lighting and the opportunities it provides. We then provide examples of different issues with LED lighting, such as optical, electrical, thermal and mechanical issues. The presentation is accompanied by Numerical Models made in COMSOL Multiphysics of LED lighting. At the end of the ...
M. Ek, and D. Sichen
Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In the steelmaking processes, the stirring of the metal bath by argon (or nitrogen) injection is a widely used method to achieve chemical or thermal homogeneity. Computational fluid dynamics can be used as a very powerful tool to gain an insight into the mass transfer and heat transfer in liquid steel. In this paper, the flow behaviors in two different steelmaking reactors were simulated using ...
A. K. Reddy, T. Satyanarayana
Lakireddy Balireddy Autonomous College of Engineering, Mylavaram, A.P., India
The present work reports the fabrication process of micro lens for pinhole cameras, modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics®, by satisfying the wetting properties. Wetting is a change in contact angle between the liquid and solid surface area. The wetting properties are clearly understood in terms of forces. The two immiscible fluids were taken for the formation of fluid-fluid and wall-fluid ...
P. A. Haris, T. Ramesh
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Design and manufacture of thrusters for producing very low thrust force in the range of milli or micro newtons using micronozzles has been actively developed in the last decade. The nature of propellant flow in such micronozzles differs from that of macro nozzles. In micronozzles, viscous effect dominates; hence the flow is always in laminar regime with high viscous losses. Objective of this ...