INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy
Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...
L. Moro, F. Lugli, and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...
O. Geoffroy and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France
After previous microwave simulations done with very hard assumptions, we improve the model by using Funer model to improve prediction of plasma effects on the microwave coupling. Some parameters are still not well known and are used as adaptation parameters. An experience plan technique is used to find these parameters by comparison of experimental measurements of reflected power to simulated ...
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
J.C. Boulware, and S. Jensen
Space Dynamics Laboratory, North Logan, UT, USA
Using COMSOL Multiphysics, studies were performed showing that thermomagnetic siphoning (TMS) is a sufficient manner of regulating the temperature of a bundle of current-carrying wires wrapped with a magnetorheological fluid (MRF) jacket. Because of Curie’s Law, the cooler MRF on the outside of the jacket is drawn towards the wires due to the induced magnetic field. The process continually ...
Machine Design, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Electrical contacts consists of parts where the surfaces are in contact and where the actual physical contact occur just in a few contact asperity points scattered over the whole apparent contact area. Through these contact spots between the two mating bodies the mechanical load and the electric current is transmitted. Often a soft coating is used to enlarge the real contact area. Modeling the ...
C. Belavý, and G. Hulkó, and K. Ondrejkovic, and D. Šišmišová
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
This paper presents a finite element method based modeling and design of control for distributed parameter systems. First, models of distributed parameter systems in the form of lumped-input/distributed-output systems and structure of control loop are introduced. Next, modeling of temperature fields of the casting die as distributed parameter systems in preheating process is performed in COMSOL ...
Z. Fang[1,2], R. O'Handley, Y. Liu, and M. Yang[2,3]
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Ferro Solutions Inc., Woburn, MA, USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Here we investigate a promising passive cooling method through making advantage of the unique properties of ferrofluid. When a magnetic dipole or a permanent magnet is put at the hot side of a system, it will attract the cold ferrofluid to the hot place and displace the hot ferrofluid since cold ferrofluid below Tc has much stronger magnetization than that of hot ferrofluid above Tc. Then the ...
Chemical Leachate Simulation for Environmental Safety Evaluation in Civil Engineering Applications of Construction Byproducts
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
This presentation shows a numerical simulation model of the chemical leachate process from construction byproducts and the chemical transport process with geochemical reactions for their environmental safety evaluation.