Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA , USA
The present work formulates the dynamics of a slender structure as a long beam. This results in a PDE that is fourth-order in space, and second order in time. In COMSOL the coupling method is used to decompose this problem into two second-order equations, one for displacements, and one for bending moments, which are then solved to obtain frequencies and mode shapes. For verification of ...
Study of a Self Heating Process of Tetrafluoroethylene by the Exothermic Dimerization Reaction to Octafluorocyclobutane
M. Beckmann-Kluge, H. Krause, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The self heating process of Tetrafluoroethylene caused by an exothermic dimerization reaction was studied. The heat of reaction can lead to a thermal explosion by the decomposition of the Tetrafluoroethylene. Different reaction kinetics, including multistep kinetics, were used to describe the mass balance. The COMSOL Chemical Engineering Module was used to perform the simulation which was ...
Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...
J. Wirth, S. Jack, M. Köhl, and K.-A. Weiß
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg, Germany
The key issues of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems are research and development of solar technologies for the fast growing market of solar energy. This paper presents examples of the usage of COMSOL Multiphysics: The ingress of water is a serious reason for the degradation of photovoltaic modules which can hardly be measured using experimental approaches yet. Therefore, a ...
Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results
E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France
Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...
W. Vetterling, and Z. Peng
Zink Imaging, Inc., Bedford, Massachusetts, USA
This document describes a method for maintaining the long-term calibration of a full color direct thermal printer. An essential component of the system is a thermal model created using COMSOL Multiphysics that allows fitting of color data recorded at different temperatures and exposure times to model results for the same conditions. The fitted results reveal the depth and thickness of color dye ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...
H.C. Wong, K.N. Cho, and W.C. Tang
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California, USA
Atherosclerosis causes the deposition of plaque on the inner walls of arteries, which leads to restricted blood flow. Using the balloon angioplasty procedure, stents can be inserted and expanded in the atherosclerotic artery. We used COMSOL Multiphysics Structural Mechanics, Solid Stress-Strain module to perform static, large deformation analyses. Our results show that lower stent stresses were ...
Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics
M. Guvench, and J. Crosby
University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA
In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...
O. Nasir, M.Fall, T.S. Nguyen[1,2], and E. Evgin
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The last glacial cycle in the Northern Hemisphere started approximately 120,000 year ago. During that cycle, Southern Ontario was buried under a continental ice cap, with a maximum thickness of up to 3km. The ice cap retreated approximately 10,000 years ago. The COMSOL Multiphysics code is used to model the physical processes of the impact of past glaciations on the evolution of hydraulic system ...