C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...
Z. S. Gul, N. Xiang, M. Caliskan
Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
School of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
Sound energy distribution patterns within enclosed spaces are the basic concerns of architectural acoustics. Energy decays are analyzed for major acoustical parameter estimations, while spatial energy distribution and flow vectors are indicative in the analysis of sound energy circulation and concentration zones. In this study the acoustical field of a real-size multi-domed monumental ...
P. Vincent, E. Humphreys
College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA
Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...
H. Karakuzu, M. Dubov, S. Boscolo
 Aston University, Birmingham, UK
We present an optimization procedure to improve the propagation properties of the depressed-cladding, buried micro-structured waveguides formed in a z-cut lithium niobate (LN) crystal by high repetition rate femtosecond (fs) laser writing. It is shown that the propagation wavelength for which the confinement losses of ordinary (O) and extraordinary ordinary (E) polarizations are below 1 dB/cm ...
M. Algappan, P. C. Chakravarthi, R. Keerthana, S. Mangayarkarasi, A. Kandaswamy
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...
Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new
A. Soliz, K. Mayrhofer, L. Caceres
Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile
A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...
LIMCA技术是一种原位测量高温液态金属中杂质颗粒的方法。测量的原理为：在一个小孔内外设置一对电极，并且通以电流，这样可以在孔口附近形成一个电敏感区，当杂质经过电敏感区时，通过测量电压脉冲信号以检测杂质的信息。对硬质颗粒的LIMCA技术已经有了许多研究，但实际情况下有些颗粒如气泡是可变形的，这将损害LIMCA的精度。 模型使用了 COMSOL Multiphysics® 中的“层流两相流-相场”和“电磁场”模式，气泡和液态铝以相同的初始速度向相同方向运动，同时在液态导电金属中通以电流。由于流体和气泡是运动的，流动会受到洛伦兹力的影响，所以在流场中加入由电磁场计算得到的“mef.FLtzr”和“mef.FLtzz”作为体积力源项。同时流动结构的改变也会影响电磁场，两个物理场之间存在着强耦合，需要同时求解。 数值计算结果给出了在气泡变形情况下的流场、电磁场 ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...
M.J. Jakubinek[1,2], C.A. Whitman[2,3], and M.A. White[1,2,3]
Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Department of Chemistry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
There is considerable interest in the possibility of combining NTE materials with normal (positive) thermal expansion materials, to reduce the potential of failure of a material or component due to thermal stress fracture. Finite element analysis (FEM) is used to explore the overall expansion and thermal stress in composites.
H. Ishimori, K. Endo, and M. Yamada
National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics was used for the reliability evaluation for static chamber method at landfill sites. Static chamber method, which measures landfill gas emission fluxes, is widely used at landfill sites for the monitoring of greenhouse gas emission such as methane and carbon dioxide. The accuracy and the reliability of static chamber method are dependent on the measuring ...