Determining Degradation in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Electrode Materials Using COMSOL Multiphyics® Software - new
G. Cui, Z. Chen, F. Tariq, V. Yufit, N. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, UK
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are one of the most attractive technologies for meeting our future energy demands. They promise the efficient conversion of chemical to electrical energy and are a growing area of both academic and industrial interests. Typical electrode-supported SOFCs consist of three key components, two porous functional electrode layers (anode and cathode) and one dense ...
李晓南 , 刘国强 ,
利用惯性力学和电磁学，研究了一个金属小车沿着磁铁铺就的轨道做减速直线运动。其中，小车也可以看成是携带等量的磁铁剩磁，且沿着铁磁轨道减速运动。通过赋予小车一个初速度，例如100 m/s，然后再根据实际情况、赋予它一个特征密度，即小车有了一定的质量。当认为小车沿水平方向的轨道减速运动，忽略重力、空气阻力等其他一些影响因素时，小车将只受电磁的洛伦兹力的作用，而逐渐减速到零。 利用最新版的 COMSOL Multiphysics®，建模过程中，主要用到了“磁场和电场(mef)”和“全局常微分和微分代数方程(ge)”接口，涉及到的动力学和电磁学方程为 dv/dt=F/m F ⃗=∫_(V_vehicle)▒〖(J_induced ) ⃗×B ⃗dv〗 J_(i_y)=σ(v_z∙B_x-v_x∙B_z ) v 为小车即时速度，F 为洛伦兹力，J 为感应产生的涡流，v 为速度，B ...
K. Aramugam 
 Asia Pacific University, Malaysia
Insulator strings are widely used in high voltage transmission lines to mechanically support the line and electrical insulator fixed between line and the tower. Corona discharges may cause a complete failure of an insulator string due to the high intensity of electric field. Applying a corona ring on insulator string is an important approach to decrease the effect of corona. This work analyzed ...
M. M. Saidi 
 Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Ocean is the cornerstone in Earth’s system because the surface of the Earth is covered by ocean about 71%. Ocean also holds approximate 97% of the Earth’s water. Ocean is always moving and continuous. This study is focusing on the ocean movement in Southern Ocean which is located in the southernmost of the Earth. It can be called as Antarctica Ocean because it consists of the waters extending ...
A. Verschueren, and P. K. Tomaszewski
Philips Research Laboratories Eindhoven
Micro Systems & Devices group
High Tech Campus 4
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
All particles in suspension have a zeta potential, or surface potential. Its measurement is extremely important for predicting the formulation stability across a wide range of industries including food, ink and pharmaceuticals, water purification and medical devices. Zeta potential is not measurable directly but it can be calculated from an experimentally determined electrophoretic mobility. ...
B. Hari and C. Theodoropoulos
The University of Manchester, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester, UK
Microreactors are important alternative to conventional reactors in chemistry, chemical, pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries due to their operation characteristics such as increased mass and heat transfer, uniform flow, safety, high throughput through array configurations, smaller plant size and lower cost of production. Models for such reactors need to be able to describe both the ...
Dependence of Potential and Ion Distribution on Electrokinetic Radius in Infinite and Finite-length Nano-channels
J. Schiffbauer, J. Fernandez, W. Booth, K. Kelly, A. Timperman, and B. Edwards
Physics Dept. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Chemical Engineering Dept,West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Dept. of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
A site-binding/dissociation model is used to determine surface charge in numerical studies of the equilibrium potential and ion distributions inside infinite and finite-length nano-channels. This COMSOL model allows us to investigate the response of surface (zeta) potential to environmental parameters such as reservoir salt concentration, solution pH and wall separation. The resulting ion and ...
E. Gao, and S. Bilen
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
The Microwave Electrothermal Thruster (MET) is a space electric propulsion device that uses an electromagnetic resonant cavity within which a free-floating plasma is ignited and sustained, heating a propellant gas that is that exhausted out of a gas-dynamic nozzle. For an empty cavity it is fairly straightforward to accurately calculate the cavity’s resonant frequency and describe the ...
Computational Analysis of the Mechanical and Thermal Stresses in a Thin Film PProDOT-Based Redox Capacitor
J. Sotero-Esteva, M. Rosario-Canales, P. Gopu, and J. Santiago-Avilés
Department of Mathematics, University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Humacao, PR
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Among the several types of capacitors, the double-layer and redox types have gathered increasing attention to address some of the heavy power demands of modern technology. In redox capacitors, charge is stored chemically via oxidation/reduction processes in the active materials like electroactive polymers (EAPs) or metal oxides. This work investigates the stresses and heat flux of the electrode ...
C. Peyrega, and D. Jeulin
Center of Mathematical Morphology, Mines ParisTech, Fontainebleau, France
This study is a part of the Silent Wall ANR project, to which the Center of Mathematical Morphology is associated. Its main objective is to build an acoustical and thermal insulating system for buildings, composed of fibrous materials. The material is composed of two phases: the fibrous network and the air surrounding it. At the microscopic scale the absorption of the acoustic wave is mainly ...