H. Chen-Mayer, R. E. Tosh
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Microcalorimetry for standardizing activities of radionuclide samples entails measurements of input power heat flow from the sample cell, with the radioactive sample compared to the reference cell under balanced conditions. The measurement is susceptible to noise due to drift and 1/f effects; thus, a better result might be expected with periodic insertion of the source into the sample chamber and ...
D. Iber, J. Vollmer, D. Menshykau
Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zurich, Basel, Switzerland
Most models of biological pattern formation are simulated on continuous domains even though cells are discrete objects that provide internal boundaries to the diffusion of regulatory components. In our previous papers on simulating organogenesis in COMSOL Multiphysics® (Germann et al COMSOL Multiphysics® Conf Procedings 2011; Menshykau and Iber, COMSOL Multiphysics® Conf Proceedings 2012) we ...
N. Khoshnevis Gargar, A. Mailybaev, D. Marchesin, H. Bruining
 Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
 Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. The combustion mechanisms are different for light oils, where evaporation is dominant, whereas for medium non-volatile ...
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...
Phase-field Modeling of Widmanstätten Ferrite Formation During Austenite to Ferrite Transformation in Fe-C Alloy - new
L. Zhang, Y. Shen
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
The transformation of austenite (A) to ferrite (F) in steels, which is technologically important and of fundamental interest, still remains less well understood in some aspects. At intermediate undercooling F grows with a plate-like morphology (widmanstätten). Some calculations, which assume that the composition at A/F boundary is local-equilibrium or the morphology of F is rather simple, are ...
P. Guha, P. Sharma, V. Malhotra, S. Mishra
CSIR - Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
Proper storage of grains depends on minimizing attacks of insects, fungi, mites, etc. Development of such pests can be controlled by controlling the temperature of the storage chamber. Hence, before designing grain storage chambers, mathematical modeling and numerical simulations should be performed to predict the temperature distributions. Changes in storage temperature may occur due to several ...
R. K. Banyal
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
The numerical study of temperature and acceleration sensitivities of a dual cavity Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometer is carried out using finite element method. The optical cavities are formed by machining two side-by-side circular bore of 12 mm each on a monolithic block of low expansion material. One cavity will be used to generate broadband channel spectra for accurate wavelength calibration of ...
Estimation of Critical Parameters of Drop-Drop Electrocoalescence Using a Multiple-Drop System - new
S. S. Kulkarni, V. A. Juvekar, A. Chheda
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Electrocoalescence is the phenomenon of coalescence of droplets suspended in an insulating liquid or in a gas under the action of an electric field. Electrocoalescence is considered a promising tool in many petrochemical industries for desalting crude oils. However, this technique suffers from some drawbacks such as short circuiting of electrodes, limitations on applied electric field and its ...
B. Mizaikoff, X. Wang, and S.-S. Kim
Institut für Analytische und Bioanalytische Chemie
Evanescent-wave optical waveguide is widely used as sensing platform for chemical/biological sensor applications. Our research group contributed to on-chip IR sensor technology and made recent progress in miniaturizing such devices utilizing quantum cascade lasers (QCL) in combination with planar GaAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As waveguides. Furthermore progress is reported toward microfabricated Mid-infrared ...
R. Winz, N. Schröder, W. Wiechert, and E. von Lieres
Institute of Biotechnology 2, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany
Research Center for Micro and Nanochemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
In recent years lab-on-microchip technology has become a powerful tool for micro-scale analysis of biochemical processes. In the studied system the overall process consists of transport, convection, diffusion, reaction and adsorption processes. Two compounds A and B, contained in a carrier fluid (buffer), are introduced into a reaction channel via a Y-shaped double-inlet. As the streams flow ...