Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermomechanical Modeling of Dislocation Density Increase During PVT of SiC Crystals

D. Jauffrès [1], J. M. Dedulle [2], D. Chaussende [2], K. Ariyawong [2]
[1] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, SIMAP, CNRS, Grenoble, France
[2] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, LMGP, CNRS, Grenoble, France

During Physical Vapor Transport (PVT) growth of single 4H-SiC crystal and subsequent cooling down, thermal stresses lead to the multiplication of dislocations that are non-desirable for the semiconductor applications of this material. These dislocations induced by thermal stresses could be reduced by an appropriate control of the thermal gradients inside du crystal during its growth and cooling ...

Electron Beam Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon Thin Films

S. Saager [1],
[1] Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology (FEP), Dresden, Germany

A promising method for low cost production of efficient silicon thin film solar cells is the electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) of high purity amorphous silicon (a-Si) layers with high deposition rates up to 300 nm/s [1] followed by crystallization. This study focuses on EB crystallization of deposited a-Si films in the solid phase regime and justifies observed experimental results ...

Implementation of Immersed Finite Element Method for Fluid-Structure Interaction Applications

N. Nama [1], T. J. Huang [1], F. Costanzo [1],
[1] Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA

Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) refers to a class of problems in which the motions of fluid and solid are coupled. FSI is of great significance in many applications such as aero-elasticity, biomechanics, and design of various engineering systems. Typically, the multiphysics involved in the FSI problems render them too complex to solve analytically, necessitating the use of numerical ...

Design Geometry Optimization of Vertical Cracks in Thermal Barrier Coatings from Simulated Thermal and Mechanical Behavior

C. Heveran[1], J. Xu[1], D. Cole[2], S. Basu[1], V. Sarin[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Turbine blades are coated with thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) to reduce operating temperature. TBCs experience stress from coefficient of thermal expansion mismatch with the bond-coat and substrate. Vertical cracks are thought to offer stress relief, but influence of crack geometry on TBC thermal and mechanical properties is not well understood. A two-dimensional, steady-state model is employed ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach - new

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

Numerical Analysis of an Ultrasonic Technology for Food Dehydration Intensification

R. R. Andres [1], E. Riera [1],
[1] Grupo de Sistemas y Tecnologías Ultrasónicas (GSTU), ITEFI, CSIC, Madrid, Spain

Food dehydration processes assisted by high-power ultrasound (HPU) have become an efficient technology with a great potential in its implementation. To produce the desired effects in the samples, it is necessary that the dehydration system, composed by a HPU transducer and an ultrasonic chamber, works in the most effective way. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software gives us the possibility to study ...

Design and Analysis of Implantable Nanotube Based Sensor for Continuous Blood Pressure Monitoring

M. Silambarasan, T. Prem Kumar, M. Alagappan, and G. Anju
PSG College of Technology
Coimbatore
Tamil Nadu, India

The present work aims to develop a blood pressure sensor using MEMS/NEMS technology. A normal blood pressure detector is used externally, but this work mainly aims for designing an implantable nanotube based sensor for continuous monitoring of blood pressure. The use of COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1 acts as a good platform to develop a nano tube based sensor design by using the MEMS module. The ...

Multiphysics and Simulation of MEMS based Bolometer for Detecting the Radiations in Nuclear Power Plants

K. Umapathi[1], S. Swetha[2], K. Ranjitha[2], K. Vinodh[2], K. Deebiga[1], R. Harisudarsan[1]
[1]United Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, TamilNadu, India
[2]Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

High performance micro sensors are important to detecting special nuclear materials radiations in different fields to save the globe. This paper is mainly focused on to develop a MEMS based bolometer for detecting the nuclear radiation to provide the high security in Nuclear power Plants. A thermally sensitive micro metal plate is designed and placed on a substrate through micro thermal link. ...

Sensitivity of the Compression-Softening Effect to Mesh Imperfections in Compressed Flexures - new

S. Saha[1], A. Ramirez[1], C. DiBiasio[2], M. Culpepper[1]
[1]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
[2]Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA

Introduction: Flexures are low-cost bearings that are capable of providing motion guidance with high repeatability and low friction (Figure 1). However, applications of flexure bearings are often limited by their low range. This is because motion guidance in flexures is provided by bending/flexing of members; thus, range is limited by the bending stiffness. As the bending stiffness can be ...

Modeling and Simulation of High Sensitivity CMOS Pressure Sensor Using Free Boundary Circular Diaphragm Embedded on Ring Channel Shaped MOSFET - new

S. Joy[1], T. Tom[1]
[1]Rajagiri School of Engineering and Technology, Kochi, Kerala, India

Sensors have diverse applications ranging from the medical field to space exploration. They convert physical parameters such as temperature, pressure, humidity etc. into an electrical output. The discovery of piezoresistivity property of silicon and germanium led to miniaturization of pressure sensors. Improvement in the sensitivity is the major factor to be considered while designing pressure ...