B. Chinè, M. Monno, E. Repossi, M. Verani
Laboratorio MUSP Piacenza, Italy; ITCR, Esc. Ciencia e Ing. Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Laboratorio MUSP, Piacenza, Italy; Politecnico di Milano, Dip. Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, MOX-Dip. Matematica, Milano, Italy
The foaming process of a metal is a complex operation which needs to be closely controlled in order to guarantee the wanted properties, by avoiding the formation of defects in the structure of the material. In this work we use COMSOL Multiphysics® version 4.3b and apply the diffuse interface methods of the phase field technique available in the CFD module.To analyze a practical case, foams ...
D. Lahaye, L. Cheng
DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. ...
Moisture Risks in Multi-layered Walls - Comparison of COMSOL Multiphysics® and WUFI®PLUS Models with Experimental Results
A. Ozolins, A. Jakovics
Laboratory for Mathematical Modelling of Technological and Environmental Processes, Riga, Latvia
Moisture can cause serious damages in different building components therefore the heat and moisture calculation in building constructions are important tasks. In the current paper, two different multi-layered walls, mainly consisted of wooden materials and mineral wool, are analyzed. Risks of mould growth under Latvian climate conditions are estimated using 3 different approaches: experimental ...
Modeling and Simulation of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Reactor for Nitrogen Fixation Reaction
B.S. Patil, Q. Wang, V. Hessel, J. Lang
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Industries AG, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany
Fixed nitrogen is used in many forms ranging from nitric acid to hydrogen cyanide and is used as such for industrial applications. The reactions to produce these products are highly endothermic and favored by high-temperature processing. The most basic route of chemically fixing nitrogen is the direct reaction of nitrogen and oxygen. However, the major challenge is to supply very high ...
Numerical Simulation of Concentration Polarization to Estimate Gypsum and Calcium Carbonate Scaling on Membrane Surfaces
A. Santafé-Moros, J.M. Gozálvez-Zafrilla
Institute for Industrial, Radiophysical and Environmental Safety (ISIRYM) - Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
This paper shows a model to estimate the scaling parameters for reverse osmosis membrane processes. The model takes into account the concentration polarization of ionic species in the membrane channel of spiral-wound modules and the effect of the spacers on the flow. The scaling potential of calcium carbonate and sulfate carbonate (gypsum) salts were studied, as they are common sparingly salts ...
G. Diglio, P. Bareschino, G. Angrisani, M. Sasso, F. Pepe
Università degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento, Italy
The core unit of desiccant cooling systems is a dehumidifying device, in most cases a wheel made of inert material coated with an adsorbent (silica gel in the present work). Two sections can be identified: air to be dehumidified was passed through the process section, while in the regeneration section water vapour was removed from the adsorbent by means of dry and hot air. Solving gas-phase ...
Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Drug Release Rates from Magnetic Nanocomposite Spheres - new
L. Saeeednia, H. Mehraein, F. Abedin, K. Cluff, R. Asmatulu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...
Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments - new
S. Schlüter, T. Hennig, G. Janicki, G. Deerberg
Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany
In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...
E. Laurenz, G. Füldner, L. Schnabel
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE), Freiburg, Germany
Adsorption heat exchangers (AdHXs) are important components in adsorption heat pumps and chillers, a primary energy efficient source of heating and cooling. Due to availability and established inexpensive manufacturing fin-and-tube type heat exchangers with beds of adsorption pellets in the finned space are widely used in state of the art products (Figure 1). For design and optimization the ...
G. Salazar Duarte, B. Schürer, C. Voss, D. Bathen
Linde AG, Munich, Germany
Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) and Temperature Swing Adsorption (TSA) are commonly used for separation/purification of gas mixtures in industrial processes. The cycle time of industrial TSA processes usually ranges from several hours to days. The reason for this long cycle time is the usage of purge gas for heating and cooling the system (direct heating), which limits the application of TSA ...