S. Curcio and M. Aversa
Department of Engineering Modeling, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy
The aim of the present work is the formulation of a theoretical model describing the transport phenomena involved in food drying process. The attention has been focused on the simultaneous transfer of momentum, heat and mass occurring in a convective drier where hot dry air flows, in turbulent conditions, around the food sample. The proposed model does not rely on the specification of ...
Department of Biotechnology, PESIT, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Clustering is a common hydrodynamic characteristic observed among suspended gas-solid particles in a fast fluidized bed (FFB) regime of a circulating fluidized bed (CFB) system. In this paper clustering behavior has been studied with Geldart group B particles like coal and iron ore in a circulating fluidized bed of diameter 0.1016 m and height 5.62 m. The cluster size when calculated from the ...
M. Beckmann-Kluge, F. Ferrero, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Technical University, Berlin, Germany
Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) is a gas widely employed in industry, which can under specific circumstances experience an exothermic dimerization to octafluorocyclobutane. If the heat generated by this reaction cannot be dissipated to the surroundings, the temperature inside the reactor will continue rising, leading to conditions where TFE can decompose in tetrafluoromethane and carbon black. This ...
E. Barega, E. Zondervan, and A.B. De Haan
Eindhoven University of Technology, Dep. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Eindhoven, the Netherlands
The mixer-settler principle is commonly used for industrial extraction processes. This is done by mixing the two immiscible liquids to perform mass transfer and subsequently separating them in gravity settler. However, when drop size becomes small, separation in a settler becomes difficult and entrainment of valuable chemical occurs. Moreover, entrained impurities dilute the product. ...
G. Rádi, T. Varga, and T. Chován
University of Pannonia, Veszprem, Hungary
Nowadays mathematical models are applied in almost every field of our life to predict how real systems behave. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has become a standard tool for analyzing various situations where fluid flow has a significant effect on the studied processes. Complex models can be implemented and solved in commercial CFD packages (e.g. COMSOL Multiphysics). The goal of this paper ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...
A. Lucantonio, P. Nardinocchi, L. Teresi
Università degli Studi La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Polymer gels belong to the realm of soft active materials as they are capable of responding to a non-mechanical stimulus – the permeation of a solvent – with a mechanical action – a volume change, thanks to the coupling between different physics. This mechanism of coupling can be exploited in a wide range of applications, including biomedical devices, making crucial the understanding of the ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
C. Hurt, P. Angelo, R. Pevey
Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
Y-12 National Security Complex, Safety Analysis Engineering, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Simulation of criticality accident transients offers the ability to confirm understanding of critical configurations, bound accident scenarios and aid comprehensive emergency planning. Computational ability to recreate excursion power histories in fissile solution is sought due to the predominance of solutions in process criticality accidents. Applicable solution transient physics methodologies ...
F. Mansilla, L. Voisin 
Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...