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Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of Chemo-Mechanical Coupled Behavior of Cement Based Material

D. Hu[1], F. Zhang[2], H. Zhou[3], and J. Shao[1]
[1]LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
[2]School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
[3]State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China

A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...

Influence of the Atmospheric Disturbance on the Respiration of a Forest Soil

C. Wylock[1], S. Goffin[2], M. Aubinet[2], B. Longdoz[3], B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
[2]University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
[3]INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France

The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...

Capacitive Deionization for Desalinating Complex Streams - new

D. Cardoen[1,2], B. B. Sales[1], J. Helsen[1], A. Verliefde[2]
[1]VITO, Mol, Belgium
[2]Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a desalination technology which is based on the storage of ions in the electrical double layer of a pair of oppositely polarized porous carbon electrodes, which are usually assembled using activated carbon particles (Figure 1). It is efficiently deployed for desalinating water with moderate salt content (eg in domestic water softening)[1]. To broaden its ...

Error Analysis in Estimating Temperature-Dependent Thermal Diffusivity and Kinetic Parameters using Heat Penetration Data

K.D. Dolan[1,2], A.R. Sommerlot[1], and D.K. Mishra[1]
[1]Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
[2]Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Growing consumer demand for nutraceuticals has stimulated interest by food companies to increase levels of these health-promoting compounds. Thermal processing of canned foods in a retort produces a unique problem: some of the nutraceuticals are highly sensitive to temperature, and require accurate parameter estimates to predict their fate during processing. Error in temperature measurement due ...

COMSOL application in modeling PEMFC transients

X. Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Beijing, China

We studied the transient characteristics of PEMFC and water transport during PEMFC start-up, concerning the following aspects: Effect of air stoichiometry change on transient behavior of PEMFC, Transient behavior of water transport during PEMFC start-up, and high temperature PEMFC modeling.

Heat Transfer in an Oscillating Meniscus

J. Plawsky[1]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

Experimental data for oscillations occurring at the three phase contact line of an evaporating HFE 7000 meniscus on a silica substrate is presented. The frequency of the oscillations were found to depend on the local value of the evaporative heat ?ux. The thickness, slope, and curvature of the vapor-liquid interface were determined using an interferometry technique, which allowed us to calculate ...

Transport of Vocs through Bioflim in Biotrickling Filters

Balasubramanian P[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution control ...

Transport of Cadmium through Molten Salt to Argon Cover Gas in Electrorefiner

K.Revathy[1], S. Agarwal[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar[1], K. K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium vapor ...

Modeling of Coupled Fluid Flow and Shear-induced Solidification Kinetics in Rheocasting of Aluminium Alloys

G. Maizza, and G. Lorenzatto
Politecnico di Torino
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica
Torino, Italy

The model proposed by Schneider et al., for polymers is herein adapted in order to assess its suitability in elucidating the thixotropic behavior of aluminum alloys. The COMSOL Multiphysics program is employed to solve the inherent coupled mathematical problem, consisting in the kinetic ordinary differential equations and the momentum and energy transport partial differential equations. The ...