Fully Coupled FEM Modeling of the Swelling Behavior of Human Intervertebral Disc in Response to a Change in Chemical Environment
G. K. Mistri, K. J. Suthar
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
The swelling behavior of human intervertebral disc is strongly influenced by chemical changes in the surrounding environment. Swelling of IVD is governed by various physical phenomena, including chemical and electric potential based transport, electrical charge balance, and swelling due to concentration difference within IVD relative to surrounding fluid. This change in geometry can be described ...
C. Bouchot, and M.A. Valenzuela
Instituto Politécnico Nacional-ESIQIE, México D.F, México
A general purpose stainless steel micro reactor setup for methane conversion is being designed for research purposes. We intend to design and build a modular device that would be able to manage different types of reactions depending on the installed modules. The device should be able to allow the study of gas phase reactions at low (atmospheric) and high pressures (up to 20 MPa), with the ...
Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane
Z. Li, C. Kjølseth, S. Hernandez Morejudo, R. Haugsrud
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
Protia, Oslo, Norway
University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway
Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...
S.V. Aher, P. Devillers, G. Fau, B. Tranain, and C. Buisson
Centre des Matériaux de Grande Diffusion, Ecole des Mines d’Alès, Alès cedex, France
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kalyanpur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment, France
Surface coating can fullfil their function satisfactorily over an extended period of time only if there is a good bond between the concrete substrate and the coating. The most numerous cases of blistering affect the airtight covers of the concrete subjected to negative pressures of humidity from the support. The general objective of this study is the understanding of the blistering phenomenon. ...
S.F. Jahn[1,3], S. Ebert, M. Hackert, W.A. Goedel, R.R. Baumann, and A. Schubert[1,4]
Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
Chemnitz University of Technology, Physical Chemistry, Germany
Chemnitz University of Technology, Professorship for Digital Printing and Imaging, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
Porous membranes with pore sizes in the micrometer scale are required in many micro systems dedicated to biological and chemical applications. If their thickness is in the same dimension like the pore diameter they are called microsieves. On the one hand, a thin membrane guarantees a small flow resistance but on the other hand the mechanical strength is reduced. We developed a process which ...
S. Pietrzyk, and G.S. Yablonsky
Unité de Catalyse et Chimie du Solide, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, France
Parks College, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA
TAP (Temporary Analysis of Products) reactors are powerful instruments to study the kinetics of catalytic reactions. Their basic principle, exposition of evacuated solids of interest to narrow pulses containing very small amounts of gases, and measuring the concentrations of outgoing molecules permits to study practical catalysts under the conditions approaching those of molecular beam ...
N. Jand, A. Scarpetta, and M. Stefano
Chemical Engineering Department, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of L'Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
The modeling of sublimation form a rotating cylinder of solid naphthalene in a confined vessel has been performed by coupling the model of incompressible Newtonian fluid flow with the model of the dilute solutions. Preliminary a 2D axisymmetric system with swirl flow function for laminar and turbulent regimes has been considered. In the turbulent regime the RANS model with default parameter is ...
University of Applied Sciences
The performance of biofilters relies on the presence of a sufficient amount of water in the biofilter material. And breakdown of filtration performance is often caused by inappropriate water content. The present study focuses on the drying dynamics within such filter, which are modelled as wetted porous media. Analyzing gas flow and water content we find that such systems exhibit instable ...
R. Coker, J. Knox, K. Kittredge
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...