Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the Simulation of Magnesium Refining and Production

X. Guan[1], E. Gratz[1], U. Pal[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...

Simulating Corrosion in a Crevice of Commercial Pure Titanium

G. Zhang [1, 2, 3],
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
[2] Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson, SC, USA
[3] Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

Implant devices are assistive devices surgically placed in the human body to restore the functionality of organs and tissues. Metallic implants are often used for load bearing applications including the hip and knee joints. To allow maximum flexibility during surgery for surgeons to pick and choose different combinations of parts (say, head, neck and stem, in the case of total hip replacement), ...

Migration of Mineral Oil Saturated and Aromatic Hydrocarbons(MOSH, MOAH) through Multi-Layered Packaging into Food

C. Kirse [1], F. Edel [1], H. Briesen [1],
[1] Chair of Process Systems Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Germany

Substances like Mineral Oil Saturated Hydrocarbons (MOSH) and Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbons (MOAH) are suspected to be carcinogenic. Furthermore, MOSH/MOAH migrate through the packaging into food stuff. This work aims at modelling, how much MOSH/MOAH migrates from the packaging into food to evaluate the exposure to toxic substances. The scope of the project is not to investigate one specific ...

Theoretical Simulations of Silicon-On-Nothing (SON) Structures

C. Grau Turuelo[1], B. Bergmann[1], C. Breitkopf[1], F. Hoffmann[2], L. Brencher[2]
[1]Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany
[2]Infineon Technologies GmbH, Dresden, Dresden, Saxony, Germany

A novel technique for semiconductor manufacturing is introduced: Silicon-On-Nothing. This process consists of an initial cylindrical trench which has a shape evolution under certain conditions: high temperature (1100 °C), low pressure (10 Torr) and a non-oxidizing atmosphere such as hydrogen. These conditions enable a, mainly, surface diffusion phenomenon whose final result is an empty space ...

Water Quality Model for Brewster Lake

Z. Aljobeh[1], G. Argueta[1]
[1]Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, USA

A numerical model was developed to make spatial and temporal predictions of the water quality for Brewster Lake, located in southwestern Michigan. The model considers the hydrodynamics of the lake, hydrologic conditions, physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the lake, and nutrient loadings from the surrounding watershed. Physical, chemical, and biochemical data ...

Microscale Simulations of Catalyst Deactivation During Gas-Phase Upgrading of Biomass Pyrolysis Vapors

P. N. Ciesielski [1], D. Robichaud [2], B. Donohoe [1], M. Nimlos [2],
[1] Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2] National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA

Catalytic fast pyrolysis is a process by which biomass may be converted into liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuels and chemical co-products that are alternative to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Chemical compounds in raw pyrolysis vapor have high oxygen content and therefore must be deoxygenated in order to meet specifications for hydrocarbon fuels. One strategy to accomplish this is ...

HAMSTAD Benchmarks Using the COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Revisited

J. v. Schijndel [1], S. Goesten [1], H. Schellen [1],
[1] Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Benchmarks are important tools to verify computational models. In the research area of building physics, the so-called HAMSTAD (Heat, Air and Moisture STAnDardization) project is a very well known benchmark for the testing of simulation tools. In this paper we revisit this benchmark by modeling all five subtasks using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Again we conclude that the COMSOL® software ...

Modeling Migration-Diffusion-Reaction Processes in an Idealized Lithium-Sulfur Cell

G. Minton [1], R. Purkayastha [1], S. Walus [1], M. Marinescu [2], T. Zhang [2], G. Offer [2],
[1] Oxis Energy Ltd, Oxford, United Kingdom
[2] Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

During the basic operation of a lithium-sulfur (Li-S) cell, sulfur molecules are required to undergo a complex mix of electrochemical and chemical reaction processes. To date, almost all modeling of Li-S cell behavior has been undertaken using electroneutral, structurally homogenized, cell scale models accounting for most of these processes. The presented work was undertaken in order to try and ...

Coupling Forced Convection in Air Gaps with Heat and Moisture Transfer inside Constructions

M. Bianchi Janetti[1], F. Ochs[1]
[1]University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

Introduction: The simulation of coupled heat and moisture transfer in constructions is becoming even more important in the last years. COMSOL Multiphysics represents a powerful tool for this kind of simulations as shown in [1,2,3], although applications in this area are still rare. For the realistic prediction of the heat and moisture distribution in building elements exposed to external ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...