Graf, M., Räuchle, E., Hunyar, C., Unger, R., Kaiser, M., Emmerich, R., Urban, H., Alberts, L., Elsner, P.
Fraunhofer-Institut für Chemische Technologie, Pfinztal, Germany
In this article the time variable development of electron density in low pressure microwave discharges is examined. Exemplarily the linear extended plasmaline® is simulated in an axially symmetric two-dimensional application mode. The multiphysics environment of FEMLAB allows a self consistent solution of Maxwell’s equations together with a simple model for generation and loss of electron ...
Jin, L.Z.1, Ssemakula, H.2, Sandström, R.1
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
2 Department of Production Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Flow behaviour of phosphorus-deoxidised copper in plane-strain hot extrusion with an insertion in the die has been studied through a finite-element model consisting of fluid dynamics and heat transfer approaches. The billet material is considered as rigid-visco-plastic and rate-sensitive. A dynamic viscosity, which is strain-rate and temperature dependent, has been integrated into the model. ...
Boundary Conditions Identification for Thermostatic Cauchy Problem by Minimizing an Energy-like Function
LDMS, UMR CNRS-INSA 5006, ISTIL - Université Claude Bernard, Lyon
An energy-like error function is introduced in the context of the ill-posed problem of boundary data recovering, which is commopnly known as a Cauchy problem. Here the problem is converted into an optimization problem. Numerical simulations highlight the efficiency and robustness of the proposed method.
A. E. Khabbazi, A.J. Richards, and M. Hoorfar
School of Engineering, UBC Okanagan, Kelowna, BC Canada, Canada
Using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5, a numerical model has been developed to determine the effect of the channel geometry and electrode configuration on cell performance based on polarization curves. The Butler-Volmer equation was implemented to determine the reaction rates at the electrodes. The Conductive Media DC module is used to model the electric fields within the fuel cell.
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
W. Clark, and M. Lindblad
Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Two-phase electrophoresis is a separation method that combines aqueous two-phase partitioning with electrophoresis and has promise for large scale recovery of biological products. Aqueous two-phase systems formed by adding two polymers, like dextran and polyethylene glycol, to water provide some separation of dissolved species due to differences in solubility of solutes between the phases. COMSOL ...
Politecnico di Milano
The control of the flux within continuous casting systems used in the metallurgical field can be obtained through the application of electromagnetic. The model here has been solved through a linear time-harmonic solver. The results of the electromagnetic model have then been applied to the fluid-mechanics model through volume Lorentz forces.
E. Holzbecher, J. Fuhrmann, R. Halseid, and R.J. Behm
 WIAS, Numerische Analysis, Berlin
 Universität Ulm, Ulm
Two designs for thin layer flow cells were set up at University of Ulm, Germany, in order to identify parameters describing the kinetics of methanol-oxydation – reactions, to be utilized in fuel cells. Computer models for two designs were constructed using COMSOL Multiphysics. Results from the numerical simulations were used to evaluate the different flow cell designs. The aim to ...
Joint Research Centre Ispra
It has become common place to use micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) to evaluate the chemical properties of solutions. However, such microchips have not yet been applied to the analysis of radioactive solutions, for the purpose of nuclear safeguards, in the nuclear reprocessing industry. Implementing MEMS in this area results in a reduced volume of the sample to be analysed. This has many ...
B. Morel1, P. Namy2, C. Belhomme1, and I. Crassous3
1Comurhex, Pierrelatte, France
2SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
3LI2C, Paris, France
Modeling electrolysers is a challenge because of the strong coupling between electrical, thermal and CFD equations. Indeed the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte varies with the temperature, which in turn depends on the heat dissipated by the Joule effect and anode over-voltage.In the present study, the fluid velocity values are computed near the electrodes using a diphasic level set ...