Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Optimization of Flow Distribution in the Feed Sparger of a Steam Drum

P. Goyal[1], A. Dutta[1], and A. K. Ghosh[1]
[1] Reactor Safety Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Steam drums of a nuclear power plant separate steam from the steam water mixture and sub cooled incoming feed water returns to the reactor. The entire feed water flow is delivered to the steam drum through the feed water sparger. The feed water sparger is provided with number of inverted ‘j’ type lateral tubes to  distribute the feed water in the drum for proper mixing with the separated ...

The Flow of a Thin liquid Film Past a Cylinder

M. Sellier
Fraunhofer ITWM, Kaiserslautern

This paper presents a numerical study of the flow of a thin liquid film past a circular cylinder. It is investigated in the framework of the lubrication approximation and the corresponding governing equations, formulated in a weak form, are solved in the COMSOL environment. The effect of the diameter of the circular cylinder on the shape of the free surface is explored and potentially ...

An Analysis of Skimboard Hydrodynamics

N.D. Barnett[1], and E. Gutirrez-Miravete[2]
[1]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Kingston, Rhode Island, USA
[2]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA

This paper report on a study of the hydrodynamics of skimboards and surfboards using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) module in COMSOL. The study analyzes the flow in a thin water layer underneath a skim board in a 2-D Cartesian coordinate. Three different sets of boundary conditions were employed and one of them produced the best agreement with previous findings.

Hydraulic Design of Activated Sludge Tanks with CFD

A. J. Bosma, and B. A. Reitsma
Tauw bv, Deventer, The Netherlands

The hydraulic design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) is usually based on general guidelines and experience. Research and development in this field is mainly focused on understanding and improvement of the biological processes. In this article we present modeling of the activated sludge tanks of the wastewater treatment plants in Amsterdam-West and Eindhoven. For both locations, a number of ...

Turbulent Compressible Flow in a Slender Tube

K.O. Lund[1], C.M. Lord[2]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
[2]Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA

Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...

Simulation of the Molten Glass Sheets Flow

P. Baias[1], E. Pelster[1], D. Wenger[1]
[1]Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Thin glass sheets have nowadays a lot of commercial applications. An optimal functionality of the production of such glass sheets depends on the flow control of the molten glass. The uniform distribution of the molten glass to sheets of exact thickness and width depends on the geometry of the production device. The geometry must be based on fluid dynamics to control the process. A parameterized ...

Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Model Viscoelastic Fluid Flow

B.A. Finlayson
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington

Viscoelastic fluids have first normal stress differences even in rectilinear flow. Thus, they are more complicated than purely viscous non-Newtonian fluids modeled as a power-law model or Carreau model. Viscoelastic effects must be included when modeling the flow of polymer melts and concentrated polymer solutions in situations for which the normal stresses matter. The extrudate swell problem ...

The Use of CFD Simulations in Learning Fluid Mechanics at the Undergraduate Level

Marc K. Smith
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology

Simple, accurate CFD simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics are used in a senior-level undergraduate course as a means to explore a number of fluid flows with the intent of developing a deep understanding of the underlying fluid mechanical mechanisms involved in the flows. Students also learn about the finite element method, how to properly pose the underlying mathematical model for the fluid ...

On The Modelling Of Electrowetting Using COMSOL Multiphysics

J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands

One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...

Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems

P. Oberdorfer[1], R. Hu[1], M. Azizur Rahman[1], E. Holzbecher[1], M. Sauter[1], P. Pärisch[2]
[1]Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany

An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed in ...

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