Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling and Simulation of Simultaneous Intrinsic Kinetics, Hydrogen Transport and Heat Transfer in Complex Hydride Hydrogen Storage Systems

G. A. Lozano, J. M. Bellosta von Colbe, T. Klassen, and M. Dornheim
Institute of Materials Research
Materials Technology
Helmholzt-Zentrum Geesthacht
Geesthacht, Germany

In proper designs of hydrogen storage systems based on metal hydrides three processes are modelled and simulated: hydrogen flow (through the metal hydride bed), solid-state chemical transformation, and heat transfer (due to the highly exothermic chemical transformation). In this work, modelling and simulation of the hydrogenation in complex hydride tanks is performed using COMSOL, case study is ...

Rapid Control Prototyping for the Production of Functionally Graded Materials with Tailored Microstructural Properties Utilizing Comsol Multiphysics

J. Clobes[1,2], H.-J. Watermeier[2], M. Alsmann[2], H. H. Becker[2], and K. Steinhoff[1]
[1]University of Kassel - Chair of Metal Forming Technology, Kassel, Germany
[2]Volkswagen AG, Kassel, Germany

Within the field of hot metal bulk forming the demand arises for fully three-dimensionally tailored properties at the microstructural level, nevertheless, reaching a predefined geometry with such tailored properties puts high requirements on the control mechanisms utilized in the process chain for combined heating, metal forming, and cooling processes. A simulation based rapid control ...

Modeling of Chemo-Mechanical Coupled Behavior of Cement Based Material

D. Hu[1], F. Zhang[2], H. Zhou[3], and J. Shao[1]
[1]LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
[2]School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
[3]State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China

A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...

Three Dimensional Numerical Study of the Interaction of Turbulent Liquid Metal Flow with an External Magnetic Field

G. Pulugundla[1], M. Zec[2], and A. Alferenok[3]
[1]Institute of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
[2]Department of Advanced Electromagnetics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
[3]Electrothermal Energy Conversion Group, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany

Lorentz Force Velocimetry (LFV) is a non-contact measurement technique used to determine flow rates in electrically conducting fluids by exposing the flow to an external magnetic field and measuring the Lorentz force acting on the magnet system. Typically, for LFV applications real and complex permanent magnet systems with inhomogeneous magnetic fields interact with the fluid. In this paper, ...

Comparison of 2D Conduction Models for Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Exchangers

A. Priarone[1], and S. Lazzari[2]
[1]DIPTEM-TEC, Università di Genova, Genova, Italia; Corresponding Author: a.priarone@unige.it
[2]DIENCA, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italia

The effect of the infinite length approximation on evaluating the temperature of the surface of Borehole Heat Exchangers is determined by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. In detail, two 2D models of a BHE are compared: in the first model, the domain is represented by a cross-section of the geometry, while in the second model, it is represented by an axial-section of the geometry and, thus, the BHE ...

Sequential Simulation in COMSOL using Differential Equations to Perform Digital Switching

L. Lam, and R. Darling
University of Washington
Seattle, WA

Many physical systems contain sequential modes of operation. The sequence is one-way and switching between modes is dependent upon specific internal parameters of the system itself. While COMSOL provides the flexibility to perform time-domain simulation and time-based modifications of boundary conditions, simulating sequential systems based upon internal physical variables in COMSOL can be a ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

FSI for Coolant Flow in Research-type Nuclear Reactors

F. Curtis[1], K. Ekici[1], and J. Freels[2]
[1]University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
[2]Oak Ridge National Lab, Oak Ridge, TN

The High Flux Isotope Reactor, located at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is scheduled to undergo a conversion of the fuel used and this proposed change requires an extensive analysis of the flow through the reactor core. The core consists of approximately 500 very thin and long fuel plates through which the coolant (water) flows at a very high rate. Therefore, the design and the flow ...

Making Cartograms and Using them for Data Acquisition

P. Mercure[1], and R. Haley[2]
[1]The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI
[2]ATM Research, Midland, MI

We demonstrate cartogram construction, where a geographical map is distorted to represent some measure, for example population, while trying to keep the shape of regions recognizable. We then apply this cartogram construction technique to optimize thermocouple locations. A heat generation and conduction model is used initialize the cartogram construction algorithm. A uniform distribution of ...

Behavioural Change on EM Exposure and its Modelling

K. Singh, N. Kothari, and S. Choudhary
Electronics and Communication Engineering Department
Geetanjali Institute of Technical Studies
Dabok, Udaipur
Rajasthan, India

This paper presents the ill-effects of EM exposure through experiment, simulation and modelling using COMSOL Multiphysics. Biological Effects of microwave radiations on living creatures are studied supported with the practical results.

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