Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Thermal Simulation of FCBGA Package with Heat Sink

M. R. Naik[1]
[1]Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

In a modern IC design, the capability of predicting the temperature profile is critically important as well as cooling and related thermal problems are the principal challenges. To address these challenges, thermal analysis must be embedded within IC synthesis. This paper presents thermal analysis of the FCBGA chip with a 4mm×4mm×0.3mm silicon die. The silicon die dissipates heat flux of ...

Efficient Heat Management Technique for Electronic Display Device

U. Shukla[1], and D. Gupta[1]
[1] Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

One of the major challenges faced by the semiconductor industry is that electronic circuits produce a lot of heat energy during their operation. And with the current scenario where the gates are packed so much close together, then the problem of heat generation has become extremely significant. So we are working towards the efficient heat management and dissipation solution for the heat generated ...

Local Electroporation of Single Adherent Cells by Micro-Structured Needle Electrodes

K. K. Sriperumbudur[1], P. J. Koester[1], M. Stubbe[1], C. Tautorat[1], J. Held[2], W. Baumann[1], and J. Gimsa[1]
[1] University of Rostock, Chair of Biophysics, Gertrudenstr. 11a, 18057 Rostock, Germany
[2] Microsystem Material Laboratory, Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany

In spite of its low throughput, Patch-Clamp is the established method for intracellular measurements of the transmembrane potential. To address this problem, we have developed new biosensor-chips with micro-structured needle electrodes (MNEs). MNE-penetration of single cells growing on the MNE-tips leads to a situation comparable to the whole-cell mode in classical Patch Clamp. MNE-penetration ...

Modeling the Collimator-Detector Scattering Using Stochastic Differential Equations and COMSOL

A. Jeremic[1], T. Farncombe[2], S. Liu[2], and Y. Abdul-Rehman[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
[2]Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that uses gamma rays. It has been especially useful for bone scans, cardiac perfusion imaging, tumor scans and brain imaging. The main advantage of SPECT imaging is that it can target particular tissue receptors allowing one to focus on the imaging of the diseased tissue. In most cases Monte Carlo ...

Multiphysical Modeling of Calcium Carbonate Transportation in UV Disinfection in Water Treatment

E. R. Blatchley[1], and B.Z. Sun[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool for Reducing Animals in Biomedical Research: An Application in Dermatology

F. Rossi[1] and R. Pini[1]
[1]Istituto di Fisica Applicata “Nello Carrara”, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Firenze, Italy

In biomedical research the use of animal models gives rise to several ethical problems. COMSOL Multiphysics® may be used as a non-animal technique, very useful in overcoming all these concerns. In this presentation a particular application in dermatology is shown. Bioheat equation mode and diffusion approximation were used to design a theoretical model of blue LED light interaction with an ...

Dependence of Potential and Ion Distribution on Electrokinetic Radius in Infinite and Finite-length Nano-channels

J. Schiffbauer[1], J. Fernandez[2], W. Booth[1], K. Kelly[3], A. Timperman[3], and B. Edwards[1]
[1]Physics Dept. West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Chemical Engineering Dept,West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[3]Dept. of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

A site-binding/dissociation model is used to determine surface charge in numerical studies of the equilibrium potential and ion distributions inside infinite and finite-length nano-channels. This COMSOL model allows us to investigate the response of surface (zeta) potential to environmental parameters such as reservoir salt concentration, solution pH and wall separation. The resulting ion and ...

Modeling of snRNP Motion in the Nucleoplasm

M. Blaziková[1], J. Malínský[2], D. Stanek[3], and P. Herman[1]
[1]Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
[2]Institute of Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
[3]Institute of Molecular Genetics, Prague, Czech Republic

Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) are essential supramolecular complexes involved in pre-mRNA splicing, the process of post-transcriptional RNA modifications. The particles undergo complex assembly steps inside the cell nucleus in a highly dynamic compartment called the Cajal body. We have previously shown that the free diffusion model does not fully describe the snRNP motion ...

Investigation of Natural Convective Air Flow Field through Comb Channels

R. Umhack, M. Rainer, M. Tamerle, and G. Hillmer
Process-, Environmental- and Bio- technology, MCI - University of Applied Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria

A new type of radiator with a package of combs, to gain a larger area for heat exchange, instead of trapezoidal convector plates, is investigated. The main aim is to find the optimal comb diameter. To solve this problem, CFD (computational fluid dynamics) with COMSOL Multiphysics is used. A chart showing radiator power was produced, which includes radiator power for different temperatures and ...

Modeling the Behavior of Single Particle during Drying Process

S. Bellur, B. Agasanpura, and C. Coronella
Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA

The aim of the present work is the formulation of a computational model describing transport phenomena in transient biosolids drying. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to perform the simulations, with two spatial dimensions. After a time step of 0.1 s, we found that the solid reached thermal equilibrium with the surrounding gas, which is consistent with empirical correlations.

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